OSMRE (Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement) - http://www.osmre.gov - was established under The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) of 1977 - http://codes.lp.findlaw.com/uscode/30/25 This clip is from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eaUPOI... (23 minutes) A Page In Time - Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement 1996 - Publication VID-009 - A video describing how the Surface Mining Law is implemented. === Optimism on Strip-Mine Law On the first anniversary of the Federal strip-mining law, there is hope that voluntary commitments by the top coal companies will help set the pace for compliance with the controversial environmental legislation. By Ben A. Franklin, Special to The New York Times, August 5, 1978 (Excerpts) But the conviction is growing that the bitterly controversial strip-mining law enacted a year ago to regulate how the earth is torn up and replaced to minimize environmental disruption stands a fair chance of working. In the agency assigned to administer the law, the Interior Department's new Office of Surface Mining, the reasons cited include the voluntary commitment of top executives of two big Appalachian strippers, the Pittson Company and the Falcon Coal Company, to work toward a pace-setting model of compliance in the Eastern mountain region where the enforcement problems of the office are the fiercest. Although the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act, one of the decades's major environmental measures, became law August 3, 1977, and became effective last May, the surface-mining office was held to bare skeleton of a staff borrowed from other agencies for seven months. Its first appropriation was tied up in Congress from August 1977 to last March . [The initial 28 federal inspectors were not hired until 4/9/1978; provision of the law became effective on 2/2/1978, on new coal mining operations.] So the agency's staff is still short-handed. Environmental regulations that are the cutting edge of the law are months late in publication. And of the 200 Federal strip-mine inspectors authorized, only 61 are on board. [More than half of these still being trained and not yet authorized to do inspections.] One small striper in Ohio who failed during a two-week grace period to react correctly to a routine Federal mine inspector's citation for lack of required mine roadway signs -- in effect the mine had been given a "traffic ticket" or warning -- has learned the consequences of "willful failure to comply": a mine closure order and a $750-a-day fine that may total $1500. The fine is mandatory under the law. As of last week, strip-mine operators were still learning. In 337 Federal inspections since May 4,  there have been 97 notices of violations or warnings and 33 cessation orders or closures for flagrant disregard -- a noncompliance rate of 38 percent. --- COAL SURFACE MINING AND RECLAMATION: An Environmental and Economic Assessment of Alternatives (U.S. Senate report, March 1973) http://groups.google.com/group/bob-mooney/web/1973-senate-report --- Investigation: Enforcement of Strip Mining Laws, 1975 http://groups.google.com/group/bob-mooney/web/cspi-enforcement-of-strip-mining-laws-1975 (Excerpt from an editorial in The Washington Post, 1/8/1976) Because inspectors are responsible for so many operations, many sites are rarely visited. Inspections are conducted as quick surveys instead of thorough investigations...As a result of political appointments and poor field training programs, inspectors often lack the necessary technical skills for detecting violations. When an inspector is highly skilled, mining interests often lure him away with a 200 or 300 percent salary increase. Many blatant violations are never reported to the state central enforcement office. A wide variety of industry favors are available to cooperative inspectors. On the other hand, some diligent inspectors have encountered personal threats and beatings. The study has created controversy in the coalfields as could have been predicted; any suggestion that coal companies are something less than public-spirited citizens rushing to save America in the energy crisis is sure to be met in some quarters with hostile criticism. It is significant, though, that soon after the study's appearance, Kentucky's highest-ranking strip mine official was fired. In Washington, Rep. John Seiberling (D-Ohio) believes that "this study gives us the ammunition to write effective legislation." That may well be needed, considering that this year's  effort to get strip mining provisions added onto another bill have almost been spent. If anything, the documentation of coalfield abuses strengthens the case for strong federal controls. --- OSMRE in its early years -- Interivew with regional director Ed Imhoff, 1980 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vLg_MywIiKY
Views: 4711 rhmooney3
1993. Reclamation techniques used by mining companies on waste rock and exploratory roads on a low rainfall site in Nevada. Mining area shown is on the Toiyabe National Forest. Includes follow-up footage five years after the initial study was conducted. Lists recommended plant species for reclaiming sites with rainfall less than 10 inches.
Views: 2418 Forest Service
Join us as we fly over an area in southwest Virginia, where you'll see firsthand several different phases of a surface coal mine ... from an active coal-producing mine to areas where mining was completed and the land was restored 20, 30 and 40 years ago.
Views: 12032 TruthSurfaceMining
Peabody Energy completed Mongolia's first coal mine restoration project at the former Ereen Mine. The project team restored a 16-hectare area to hardy pastureland with native forage species and provided several fresh water sources. Peabody Energy is the world's largest private-sector coal company and a global leader in sustainable mining, energy access and clean coal solutions. The company serves metallurgical and thermal coal customers in more than 25 countries on six continents. Peabody earned the top two honors at the 2014 Platts Global Energy Awards, with Boyce named CEO of the Year and Peabody named Energy Company of the Year. For further information, visit http://www.PeabodyEnergy.com and http://AdvancedEnergyForLife.com.
Views: 2698 CoalCanDoThat
Reclamation Stories: Cleaning Up Inactive Mines, The Good Samaritan Challenge. Produced by Renaissance Media for the Colorado State Division of Reclamation, Mining and Safety. Videography and editing provided by David Achilles, Achilles Media Group. http://www.achilles.tv
Views: 339 AchillesMediaGroup
The U.S. Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement says in a 1996 video many the restored areas being more productive than those areas were prior to being mined. For more about OSM: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8uq7YI8AHnQ To see the full 1969 video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eaUPOITVzaY This is how OSM is really getting coal mined aread reclaimed: OSM began administering a federal program in Tennessee on 10/1/1984, as a result of the state revoking its primacy program that OSM had approved in 1982. OSM Knoxfille Field Office (KFO) 2010 report, covering Fiscal Year 2010 -- 10/2009 to 9/2010 (Except from pages 9-10) Abandoned Sites in Tennessee and Georgia are required to be inspected by KFO on a site specific inspection frequency inaccordance with the criteria and determination established in 30 C. F. R. 842.11 (e) and (f) (the abandoned rule). These sites have had some reclamation, but it is insufficient to satisfy the regulatory requirements for complete reclamation. The vast marjority of these sites have inspection frequencies of one complete inspection per calendar year. Due to a shortage of field inspectors , the KFO has found it necessary to prioritize its workload to ensure that sites with the greatest potential for adverse impacts (active sites) receive adequate inspections. The majority of abandoned sites have existed for greater than 20 years and have healed to a large extent with naturaly occurring vegetation and become stablized. Due to this workload and the resulting prioritization, KFO was unable to inspect a majority of abandoned site in FY2010. Eight complete inspections and one partial inspection were conducted of the 168 abandoned sites during FY 2010. During FY 2010 KFO conducted evaluations of thirty three permanent program bond forfeited sites to determine if natural vegetation processes had stablized these disturbances to meet the intent of SMCRA and to allow the removal of the sites from the inspectable units list (IUL). Thirteen of these sites were subsequently removed from the IUL because the disturbances were adequately stablized to met the intent of SMCRA. The remaining twenty sites were found to have deficiencies which prevented removal from the IUL. Evaluations of these sites included recommendations for corrective work to move these sites towards complete reclamation and removal from the IUL. (From Table 2, Inspectable Units, page 36) There are 300 inspectable units in Tennessee. (Each permit is an inspectable unit.) Of those, 121 are interim program (permits issued before the approval of the Tennesse state reguatory program effective August 10, 1982) and 179 are permanent program (permits issued after that date). There are 118 units that are active or in temporary cessation of mining; 168 (117 interim program and 51 permanent program). Only 14 of the 300 units have been fully reclaimed and are awaiting completion of the five-year vegetation success period. The total acreage under permit is 318,300 acres with permanent program permits being 282,000 acres of that total. ---- http://groups.google.com/group/bob-mooney/web/walk-away-reclamation (Excerpts) Of the 7,193 since 1980, most of the bond forfietures occurred in the 1980s (60%) and 1990s (31%); since 2005 there have been 203 forfeitures (3%) in 7 states -- IL(5), IN(4), KY(29), MD(12), PA(82), TN(11) and WV(60). Three states together have 70% of all the bond forfeitures occurring since 1980 -- KY (2,924 ),PA (1,020) and WV (1,117). Six other states account for another 26% -- AL(646), IN (215), OH (313), OK (178), TN (255) and VA (252). The remaining ones are in thirteen states. === On the OSM maintained Inspectable Units List for the Alabama state administered regulatory program there are 242 Inspectable Units which includes 48 Bond Forfeitures -- 20% of the total units -- many of which had permit expiration dates that were decades ago, even back 1984. The total permitted acreage of these Bond Forfeitures is 10,749 acres which is nearly 17 square miles. (10 or more those 48 Bond Forfeitures seem to have occurred after 2001.) http://www.osmre.gov/Reports/EvalInfo/2009/AL09-aml-reg.pdf - Alabama's inspectable units as of June 30, 2009, totaled 214, which includes 41 bond forfeitures; 4,910 arces were newly bonded and 440 acres were newly forfeited -- a ratio of one acre being forfeited for every 11 acres being bonded. From 1983 through 2008, bond forfeitures occurred on 15,034 of the 129,922 acres that had been permitted -- a permittee failure to perform reclamation rate of nearly 12 percent. http://www.osmre.gov/Reports/EvalInfo/2008/AL08-aml-reg.pdf - Alabama's inspectable units as of June 30, 2008, totaled 214, which includes 42 bond forfeitures; 3,618 arces were newly bonded and 726 acres were newly forfeited -- a ratio of one acre being forfeited for every 5 acres being bonded.
Views: 459 rhmooney3
This is another tip given by us, On your way to Riverwood after leaving the Helgen Keep Dungeon. Embershard Mine is a mine in The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim located Southwest of Riverwood. It's full of Bandits. This place is great to get that very first level since you can go in, get some gold and level to level 2. Don't forget to subscribe!
Views: 221 lprpgs
Larry Gibson's family has lived on or near Kayford Mountain since the late 1700's. More than 300 relatives are buried in the cemetery on Kayford Mountain. Larry and his family used to live on the lowest lying part of the mountain, and looked "up" to the mountain peaks that surrounded them. Since 1986, the slow motion destruction of Kayford Mountain has been continuous -- 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Eighteen years after the "mountain top removal" project began, Larry Gibson now occupies the highest point of land around; he is enveloped more than 7,500 acres of destruction of what was previously a forested mountain range. Join thousands of other activists to stop MTR at Blair Mountain June 4-11, 2011 http://marchonblairmountain.org/ The Keeper of the Mountains Foundation (Larry's Non-Profit) http://mountainkeeper.blogspot.com/ Peaceful Uprising http://www.peacefuluprising.org/ Coal River Mountain Watch http://www.crmw.net/crmw/index.php
Views: 171 Peaceful Uprising
MC:IRONMAN 404 EP1? (Minecraft: Land Of The Lost Chronicles) As Max, I'm veryinterested in the 404 Challenge so I decide "why not"? Here's my attempt at the great challenge... This is just a side story for me to play in while also posting almost daily EPs for "Land of the Lost" :) Based On Minecraft - a simple 3D world which isn't so simple when the Creepers come after you... totally random generated 3D worlds which place you somehwere to survive by crafting tools, building structures and mining for resources - until the dar comes then it is all about survival... http://www.minecraft.net The Ironman: 404 Challenge Thread by Neoxx http://www.minecraftforum.net/viewtopic.php?f=1020&t=190157 "Survive the 404 sink hole as long as possible without dying! This is a ruthless and expansive cave system that is very unforgiving of any of the many mistakes you could make. The hardest part often proves to be surviving the descent!" Guude's (Jason's) 404 Challenge GuudeBolderfist (Jason's) Minecart Minecrack - Another 150+ episodes and growing daily LP started Season Two on an Multi-Player Server... also with a extensive Single Player Series which made great use of Portals! Also has the largest cave system explored I've seen outside my own game in an LP (not one - but two HUGE cave systems...) http://www.youtube.com/user/GuudeBoulderfist
Views: 803 Minecraft LOTL
EPA's Appalachian Energy Permitorium: Job Killer or Job Creator? - House Oversight - 2011-07-14 - House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform. Subcommittee on Regulatory Affairs, Stimulus Oversight and Government Spending. Witnesses: The Honorable Shelley Moore Capito (R-West Virginia); Mr. Tom Mackall, President, Sterling Mining (Ohio); Mr. John Stilley, President, Amerikohl Mining, Inc. (Pennsylvania); Mr. Roger Horton, Chairman of Safety Committee, United Mine Workers Local 5958 and Co-Chair of the Mountain Top Mining Coalition; Ms. Nancy Stoner, Acting Assistant Administrator for Water, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Ms. Margaret E. Gaffney-Smith, Chief, Regulatory Community of Practice, Army Corps of Engineers; Mr. Joe Lovett, Executive Director, Appalachian Center for Economy and the Environment; Mr. Chris Hamilton, Senior Vice President, West Virginia Coal Association. Video provided by U.S. House of Representatives.
Views: 816 HouseResourceOrg
http://www.mslaw.edu In this episode of The Massachusetts School of Law's Educational Forum Assistant Professor of law Kurt Olson interviews host and producer of First Voices Indigenous Radio's Tiokasin Ghosthorse. The Massachusetts School of Law at Andover also presents information on important current affairs to the general public in television and radio broadcasts, an intellectual journal, conferences, author appearances, blogs and books. The Massachusetts School of Law also presents information on important current affairs to the general public in television and radio broadcasts, an intellectual journal, conferences, author appearances, blogs and books. THE MASSACHUSETTS SCHOOL OF LAW IS NEW ENGLAND’S MOST AFFORDABLE AND DIVERSE LAW SCHOOL. We are dedicated to growing tomorrow’s leaders; empowering them with professional skills taught by instructors with real world experience, in a fun supportive campus environment. _ ➡YOUR FUTURE STARTS HERE! Learn More at http://MSLaw.EDU Connect with MSLaw: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/MSLAndover Twitter: http://Twitter.com/EDU_video Visit our site: http://MSLaw.edu and - Subscribe to our Videos! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=mslawdotedu The Massachusetts School of Law is New England’s most affordable and diverse law school. We are dedicated to growing tomorrow’s leaders; empowering them with professional skills taught by instructors with real world experience, in a fun supportive campus environment. Your Future Starts Here. Learn More at http://MSLaw.EDU -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- The History of Iran / US Relations: "American Imperialism - Stephen Kinzer on Overthrow Part 2: Vietnam, Iran and Chile" ➨ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y7wECccLRec -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
Views: 3048 Massachusetts School of Law at Andover
Weekend seminar from Garry DeWeese, Ph.D., March 2011. In a day when some claim humans are warming the Earth and ushering in climate catastrophe, how are Christians to think? What are the facts? What are our stewardship responsibilities? What can we learn from the Scriptures and the history of Christian thought on taking care of the planet? Dr. Garry DeWeese will be an expert guide through the bamboo forests and the urban jungles to help us all make sense of our rights, duties, and obligations as God's caretakers of the world. Driving a Prius is not a prerequisite!
Views: 1123 BiolaUniversity
http://www.pedestrians.org 0:59 --The Kids and Transportation education program teaches mobility to children in Portland, Maine. 4:26 --The Golden Shoes treasure hunt makes walking fun in Cambridge, Massachusetts. 8:46 --The Cambridge Walks coalition promotes walking in several ways. 12:33 --The Connecticut Bicycle Coalition in Hartford has issued a report, "Deadly by Design". 17:30 --A National Heritage Corridor follows the Blackstone River from Worcester, Massachusetts, to Providence, Rhode Island. 19:38 --The group Local Motion promotes walking and bicycling in Burlington, Vermont. 21:21 --An historic pedestrian bridge has a modern problem where it ends at a busy road in Brunswick , Maine. 25:11 --The Ashuelot covered bridge in New Hampshire has pedestrian walkways along both sides. . . . . . . . . . . . . . "Perils For Pedestrians" appears on public access cable channels in 150 cities across the United States. Help us get on the public access channel where you live. Produced by John Z Wetmore.
Views: 160 John Z Wetmore
Approaching Midnight: Oversight of the Bush Administration's Last-Minute Rulemakings - Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming - 2008-12-11 - From global warming to water quality to endangered species to clean air, the Bush administration is pushing harder than ever to advance its anti-environmental agenda by rescinding, changing, or issuing rules, with negative consequences for our natural resources, environment, and America's energy policy. A panel of environmental and regulatory experts discussed the ramifications of these last-minute rulemakings at a hearing on December 11, 2008 before Chairman Edward J. Markey (D-Mass.) and the Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming. WITNESS LIST: Mr. Robert F. Kennedy, Jr., Chairman, Waterkeeper Alliance; Ms. Jamie Rappaport Clark, Executive Vice President, Defenders of Wildlife; Mr. John Walke, Clean Air Director, Natural Resources Defense Council; Mr. Jeffrey R. Holmstead, Partner, Bracewell and Giuliani LLP. Video provided by the U.S. House of Representatives.
Views: 2878 HouseResourceOrg
My advice is this: Settle! That's right. Don't worry about passion or intense connection. Don't nix a guy based on his annoying habit of yelling "Bravo!" in movie theaters. Overlook his halitosis or abysmal sense of aesthetics. Because if you want to have the infrastructure in place to have a family, settling is the way to go. Based on my observations, in fact, settling will probably make you happier in the long run, since many of those who marry with great expectations become more disillusioned with each passing year. (It's hard to maintain that level of zing when the conversation morphs into discussions about who's changing the diapers or balancing the checkbook.) Obviously, I wasn't always an advocate of settling. In fact, it took not settling to make me realize that settling is the better option, and even though settling is a rampant phenomenon, talking about it in a positive light makes people profoundly uncomfortable. Whenever I make the case for settling, people look at me with creased brows of disapproval or frowns of disappointment, the way a child might look at an older sibling who just informed her that Jerry's Kids aren't going to walk, even if you send them money. It's not only politically incorrect to get behind settling, it's downright un-American. Our culture tells us to keep our eyes on the prize (while our mothers, who know better, tell us not to be so picky), and the theme of holding out for true love (whatever that is—look at the divorce rate) permeates our collective mentality. Even situation comedies, starting in the 1970s with The Mary Tyler Moore Show and going all the way to Friends, feature endearing single women in the dating trenches, and there's supposed to be something romantic and even heroic about their search for true love. Of course, the crucial difference is that, whereas the earlier series begins after Mary has been jilted by her fiancé, the more modern-day Friends opens as Rachel Green leaves her nice-guy orthodontist fiancé at the altar simply because she isn't feeling it. But either way, in episode after episode, as both women continue to be unlucky in love, settling starts to look pretty darn appealing. Mary is supposed to be contentedly independent and fulfilled by her newsroom family, but in fact her life seems lonely. Are we to assume that at the end of the series, Mary, by then in her late 30s, found her soul mate after the lights in the newsroom went out and her work family was disbanded? If her experience was anything like mine or that of my single friends, it's unlikely. And while Rachel and her supposed soul mate, Ross, finally get together (for the umpteenth time) in the finale of Friends, do we feel confident that she'll be happier with Ross than she would have been had she settled down with Barry, the orthodontist, 10 years earlier? She and Ross have passion but have never had long-term stability, and the fireworks she experiences with him but not with Barry might actually turn out to be a liability, given how many times their relationship has already gone up in flames. It's equally questionable whether Sex and the City's Carrie Bradshaw, who cheated on her kindhearted and generous boyfriend, Aidan, only to end up with the more exciting but self-absorbed Mr. Big, will be better off in the framework of marriage and family. (Some time after the breakup, when Carrie ran into Aidan on the street, he was carrying his infant in a Baby Björn. Can anyone imagine Mr. Big walking around with a Björn?)
Views: 199023 Shari Wing