Some caves and mines are attractive for bats to hibernate in. So, at certain times of the year special live traps can be placed at cave or mine entrances to sample what kinds of bats are using the site, without biologists actually having to enter the cave to search. Video by John Chenger at www.batmanagement.com
Views: 1013 john chenger
WELCOME! 😃 SUBSCRIBE ► http://bit.ly/2fu2wQF | ★ PREVIOUS VIDEOS ► http://bit.ly/2vHZRJk ********************************** Red haired Giant Cannibals at Lovelock Cave? Colorful tales of the American West don’t fade away easily, even when they seem to have been discounted. Take, for example, the story of legendary red-haired cannibal giants whose alleged existence in the Lovelock area centuries ago has been debated for more than 100 years. Scientists have said there’s no proof the “giants,” first described in old Indian tales, were cannibals. Chemical staining by earth after burial was advanced as a likely reason why mummified remains have red hair instead of black like most Indians in the area. A University of Nevada study in the mid-1970s indicated the “giants” were about six feet tall, and not up to 10 feet tall as had been claimed. What was left after that was evidence of a tribe separate from principal tribes whose Paiute descendants live here — perhaps a wandering, more aggressive but outnumbered band finally hunted down and killed or chased off. Anthropologists say the story, while somewhat tamer, is still fascinating. But they concede the old myth has more appeal and, no matter what they say, will probably persist. The mid-1970s study was conducted after a bundle of bones, marked “giant bones,” were found in a long-overlooked cabinet at the Nevada Historical Society building in Reno. The late Sheilagh Brooks, who chaired the anthropology department at UN-Las Vegas, analyzed the bones which apparently came from the Lovelock Cave, a treasure trove for scientists trying to reconstruct Nevada’s early history. Dr. Brooks said her investigation showed that some of the bones were from cows, not giants. The human bones appeared to be remains of Indians “maybe six feet tall — big, but not that big,” she said. The myth was written down in 1883 by Sarah Winnemucca Hopkins, daughter of a Paiute Indian chief. She told of a strange, red-haired tribe of cannibals her ancestors drove into a cave and suffocated by lighting a fire at its entrance. She said the “people eaters” were so fierce they would leap into the air, snatch arrows whizzing over their heads, and shoot them back at their enemies. The Paiutes named the giants Si-Te-Cah, which translates to tule-eaters. The giants wove tules, a fibrous water plant, into rafts to navigate across what remained of Lake Lahontan, so the story goes. The Paiutes, a Native-American tribe indigenous to parts of Nevada, Utah and Arizona, described the Si-Te-Cah as a vicious, unapproachable people that killed and ate their captives, and told early settlers that after years of warfare all the tribes in the area joined together to rid themselves of the giants. The fleeing giants took refuge in Lovelock Cave and refused to leave despite demands that they come out and fight. So their pursuers filled the entrance to the cave with brush that was set on fire in a bid to force the giants to come out. The few that did emerge were promptly killed. The giants that remained inside the cavern were asphyxiated. John T. Reid, a Lovelock mining engineer, said Indians took him to the cave in 1886 and told him the tale of the red-haired cannibal giants. But when he entered the cave he found nothing but tons of bat guano... ********************************** ★ SUBSCRIBE TO MY CHANNEL TO BE INFORMED FOR NEW DAILY VIDEOS! Use The Automatic Translation provided if necessary that you can find on the right bottom of the video with the words CC. You can also check on the decription the text of the video. LIKE & SUBSCRIBE You can check the article here: http://nevadagram.com/the-red-haired-giant-cannibals-of-the-lovelock-cave/ ********************************** SUBSCRIBE ► http://bit.ly/2fu2wQF PAYPAL DONATIONS WELCOME [email protected] ► http://bit.ly/2w3B5mP LIKE MY FACEBOOK ► http://bit.ly/2usDEeA FOLLOW ME ON TWITTER ► http://bit.ly/2urLb1e FOLLOW GOOGLE+1 ME ► http://bit.ly/2vSmewd CHECK OUT MY OTHER VIDEOS ► http://bit.ly/2vHZRJk THANK YOU FOR WATCHING THIS VIDEO! LIKE & SUBSCRIBE Be Blessed ********************************** Red haired Giant Cannibals at Lovelock Cave? Red, Headed, Lovelock, Giants,third phase of the moon,lift the veil,daboo 7,crow 777,secure team ten,secure team 10,mystery history,ufo sightngs,proof of nephilim,nephilim found,giant skeleton,proof of giants,sleeping giants found,best ufo sightings,ufo in antarctica,ufo base in south pole,moon base,area 51,alien base,ufo spotted,sirius documentary,alien disclosure,ancient giants,alien deception,flat earth facts,flat earth documentary,flat earth theory
Views: 2457 HGA - Spiritual Life
According to the oral history of the Paiute tribe in Nevada, a red-haired tribe of cannibals lived nearby and often harassed them with constant war. According to Sarah Winnemucca Hopkins, the daughter of Paiute Chief Winnemucca, eventually the Paiute tribes had all had enough, and decided to band together to eradicate the Si-Te-Cah (translated as “tule-eaters”) As the legend goes, the battled waged on and eventually the Paiutes chased the last remaining Si-Te-Cah to a cave where they had taken refuge. The Paiutes filled the cave entrance with brush and set it ablaze, suffocated their enemies. An earthquake eventually collapse the cave entrance to the point where only bats could enter, accumulating a tremendous 6-foot pile of bat guano on the floor. It was the guano – a chief ingredient of gunpowder – that eventually drew humans back into the dark depths of Lovelock cave. In 1911 local miners, hearing about the guano, began a mining operation to haul it out. As they pulled out the guano, they reported discovering ancient artifacts – bones, baskets, weapons and more. There are also stories that the miners discovered a 6 foot 8 inch red-haired mummy. Other stories describe the mummy as being much larger. The Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology at the University of California published a paper on Lovelock cave, and wrote: “The site has been extensively pothunted and many materials remain in private collections. Lovelock Cave, despite years of destruction, is one of the most important sites in the history of North American archaeology.” Why is the site so significant? Because the artifacts represented items that showed there was in fact a culture of people living in the area that were quite unlike the nearby Paiutes – a tribe of people currently unknown in the field of human anthropology. The efforts of the first archaeologist to arrive, L.L. Loud from UC, turned up a treasure trove of relics, including some impressive duck decoys used by this unknown culture – but not a mummy, as claimed by many that recount this tale around the Internet. Unassisted, Loud conducted excavations in the cave from April to August, 1912, and collected approximately 10,000 archaeological specimens, most of which came from three locations. Some fascinating radiocarbon dates listed in the report include vegetable material dating back to 2030 B.C., a human femur dated 1450 B.C., human muscle tissue dating 1420 B.C., and basketry dating back to 1218 B.C. Archaeologists concluded from this that human occupation of Lovelock cave, by this human culture, started in 1500 B.C. Tales abound by storytellers both offline and online about the mummy from Lovelock Cave, but the only remains independently confirmed by a few tourists to the area that have blogged about it are skulls that local museums keep in a back room and claim that they are of the Lovelock “giants”. The skulls typically have only a slightly larger profile than normal, implying that the culture may have been slightly above average in size and height, but that the legend of their ferocity in battle appears to have skewed their actual size through history and the re-telling of the tales. However, major museums around the country feature actual artifacts from the cave, which you can see for yourself, such as the duck decoys on display at the Smithsonian, and the basketry and bones on display at the Nevada State Museum and other museums in the area. Setting aside the question of whether or not they were actually large enough to be considered “giants”, what is especially remarkable about this story is that it’s an example of solid archaeological evidence that was turned up and scientifically analyzed to essentially confirm the legend that Paiutes elders told tribal children for years. Confirmation of legends through science like this is rare, but whether or not they were giants, it can be said that an as-yet unrecognized tribe of somewhat large, red-headed humans used to live in Nevada for over a century before they were eradicated from this continent by tribal war. Where they came from – we may never know. - Ryan Dube (Top Secret Writers)
Views: 583 Megalithic Marvels
Bizarre discoveries that might change history! These strange discoveries from our planet earth might lead to amazing and unbelievable changes in the history of the world Number 8. "Antarctic Paradise" The continent of Antarctica, a frozen wasteland devoid of life aside from some of nature's most evolutionarily ambitious animals. But was it always this way? New discoveries suggest that at one point, maybe even as recent as when the Ancient Egyptians roamed the Earth, Antarctica was a hot and humid tropical paradise. Some of the world's most renowned geologists who dare to brave the Antarctic weather, keep uncovering more and more evidence. The most groundbreaking find being that of petrified tree stumps and leaf fossils that belong to a species of deciduous trees. Researchers believe that these fossils mark the remains of three large forests that once flourished on the continent. Subsequent studying of ice cores from the region back this up and even clarify a possible timeline. The cores show samples of trees and other biomatter that could have lived as recently as 6,000 years ago. There have also been several researchers that have reported find fossils of small animals and the teeth of an Ichthyosaur. These discoveries tie-in to some modern theories that believe there was a point in the Earth's history that an ancient episode of extreme global warming during which both the North and South poles were similar in temperature to the Equator. Number 7. "Bosnian Pyramids" Where are the oldest and largest pyramids on Earth? Your first guess would probably be Egypt or Mexico, but one archaeologist claims they are actually in Europe. Just over 10 miles north of Sarajevo the capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, archaeologist Sam Osmanagich discovered what he claims are three giant pyramids that he estimates are over 12,000 years old. Though the pyramids at first glance only look like large grassy hills,when you consider how much erosion would have occurred over thousands of years and combine that with the hills' uncanny and unnatural resemblance to the step pyramids of Mexico, it's easy to imagine the area being home to an advanced ancient civilization. Two of these pyramids that he has named the Pyramid of the Sun and the Pyramid of the Moon would be over 200 feet taller than The Great Pyramid of Giza if his claims are true. Many scientists are hesitant to confirm his theories as during the time period in which Osmanagich says they were it is believed that humans hadn't even developed simple agricultural systems and that most of Europe would have been covered in ice. But for as many detractors as there are there are just as many supporters of the theory, Osmanagich has even secured government funding for more research and has become somewhat of a hero to his countrymen. Number 6. "Rooms In Tut's Tomb" When the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamun, better known as King Tut, was discovered in 1922 it was hailed as one of the biggest archaeological discoveries of all time but all of the secrets surrounding Tut's tombs have yet to be revealed. Recently, archaeologists using radar scanning technology tested the walls where the Pharaoh's sarcophagus was found in search of hidden passageways. They didn't expect to find much but what they ended up discovering, could lead to an even more sought after find. Behind the walls of Tut's burial chamber the radar showed what could possibly be two secret rooms. Further tests revealed that the first room likely is filled with organic materials and metal objects while the other room is also home to unknown organic material. It may be a long time before anyone gets permission to take a sledgehammer to the walls and see what's inside, but archaeologist's have theorized that one of the rooms may lead to the long lost tomb of Queen Nefertiti. They believe this because it has long been speculated that Nefertiti might be the mother of King Tut. This theory is backed-up by several factors such as King Tut passing away at a young age could have led his followers to bury him inside another tomb and the fact that the rest of the tomb doesn't seem to cater to a male Pharaoh.
Views: 1127710 Secret Truths
Here are10 of the world’s creepiest underground caves. While bats and bugs are among the most common denizens of deep, dark caves, supernatural and other particularly chill-inducing inhabitants are said to be occupying a few of them as well. Here are 10 of the world’s creepiest underground caves. Number 10. Mammoth Cave. America’s national parks aren’t all about hiking and camping, some offer ghost hunting as well. Among the many spirits said to be roaming about is that of Floyd Collins, an explorer whose leg got pinned by a rock. He perished underground while waiting for help. Number 9. The Killing Caves of Phnom Sampeau. Though great efforts to beautify this locale have been made over the years, the horrors of the genocide that occurred here are still evident. The bones of those killed at the hands of the Khmer Rouge remain in the cave, which served as a repository for the bodies of the slain. Number 8. Catawba Murder Hole Cave. It is a long drop to the bottom of this underground chamber in Virginia, and its opening is very large. Over the years, many have seen it as an opportunity for adventure, but it is rumored one man used it to get away with murder. He lured his victim to the cave, stole his belongings, then sent him over the edge to his death. Number 7. Bell Witch Cave. As far as unsettled spirits go, Kate, who occupies this subterranean Tennessee spot, is an especially nasty one. Though she started by terrorizing and even killing people above ground, one popular theory is that she now hangs out mostly below it. Some, however, believe the cave merely serves as a passageway between her netherworld home and the realm of the living. Number 6. Kabayan Mummy Burial Caves. In the days before both the Spanish and Christianity spread through the Philippines' island of Luzon, mummification was a common practice among some groups. The preserved bodies were stored in remote caverns, and many remain there to this day. Number 5. Krubera Cave. The dark, cold and wet lower reaches of this more than 7,000-foot Abkhazian tunnel are seldom explored. In the 4 weeks it took one research team to get relatively close to its bottom, they found themselves immersed in deep pools of murky, freezing water, and surrounded by creepy things that defied identification. Number 4. Gomantong Caves. Geologically speaking, the Borneo cavern’s most immediately notable feature is its 300-foot tall opening. Beyond that, it is best known for the mountains of bat feces and the incredibly high number of cockroaches, centipedes and scorpions amongst them. Number 3. Ellison’s Cave. Don’t be fooled by its astonishingly beautiful appearance. The pit of this Georgia cave is the deepest known in the US, extending roughly 600 feet below ground level. Attempting to reach its lowest point has been the final act of many explorers and adventurers. Number 2. Hodge Close Quarry. When viewed from a particular angle, the cave's reflection above the British quarry’s frigid lake resembles a skull. Despite the natural warning sign, many have entered the water. Some never returned. In 2005, a diver reported that he nearly became one of the lost when he, startled by what appeared to be a human body, came up to the surface too quickly. Number 1. Hellfire Caves. In the mid 1700s, these chalk caves were significantly upgraded by England’s Sir Francis Dashwood, the founder of the Hell Fire club. The membership was comprised largely of aristocrats, but what they did at meetings is not clear. It is rumored they gathered for the purpose of casting spells and partaking in other pagan rituals. Which cave do you think is the creepiest?
Views: 66238 geobeats
Website: https://www.goldrushexpeditions.com/ Mining Claims for Sale: http://goldrushexpeditions.com/fb-mining-claims-for-sale/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/GoldRushExpedinc/ On a recent trip out to Arizona, Corey and Jess came across the Sunshine claim, which is a combination placer/lode claim with several adits and shafts, as well as a large wash that appears to be hiding some great placer gold. The main adit is enormous and sports a massive gold bearing vein, as well as large guano deposits from the bats that call the cavernous adit home.
Views: 767 Gold Rush Expeditions, Inc.
Bạn có tin người khổng lồ có thật? Sau đây là 5 gợi ý bí ẩn và hấp dẫn có thể chứng minh họ thực tế từng tồn tại. __ Trung Quốc Không Kiểm Duyệt __ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/NtdVietnamese Google+: https://plus.google.com/+TQKoKiemDuyet Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/TQKoKiemDuyet?sub_confirmation=1 __ China Uncensored __ Twitter: https://twitter.com/ChinaUncensored Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/ChinaUncensored Subscribe: http://www.youtube.com/ntdchinauncensored __ Xem video gốc __ Nguồn: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hdcCiZAlIrI __ Xem video gốc với phụ đề Anh / Việt __ Link: http://amara.org/en/subtitles/editor/y4JLrEH79aNh/vi/
Views: 153425 Trung Quốc Không Kiểm Duyệt
La historia fue escrita en 1882 por Sarah Winnemucca Hopkins, hija de un jefe indígena Paiute en su libro Life Among the Piutes : Sus Errores y Reclamos. En esta historia, los Paiutes hablan de una gran batalla que llevó a su exterminio en el sitio conocido hoy como la Cueva de Lovelock. A principios del siglo XX, los arqueólogos encontraron miles de artefactos en el interior de esta cueva que condujeron a una larga excavación del yacimiento y a la especulación de que la leyenda de Paiute era real. " Si - Te - Cah " o Saiduka se traduce literalmente como " tule - eaters " en la lengua Paiute del Norte. Los Paiutes exigieron que su enemigo saliera de la cueva y peleara, pero los gigantes se negaron. En 1886, un ingeniero de minas de Lovelock llamado John T. Alfred Kroeber, fundador del Departamento de Antropología de la Universidad de California, fue contactado por Hart y Pugh cuando reportaron haber encontrado artefactos prehistóricos. Esto impulsó la primera excavación arqueológica de Lovelock en 1912 dirigida por L.L. Muchos arqueólogos creen que la cultura Lovelock fue reemplazada por los Paiutes del Norte. En el libro de Sarah Winnemucca Hopkins, Life Among the Piutes : Sus Wrongs and Claims ( Errores y reivindicaciones ), no menciona a los gigantes, pero se refiere a los " bárbaros ". Un estudio realizado en la Universidad de Nevada indica que los " gigantes " medían unos seis pies de altura, y no hasta 8 pies como se había dicho. Para otros, el descubrimiento de sandalias de 15 " en la cueva de Lovelock es prueba suficiente de que el cuento de Paiute es real. Otras pruebas de los Gigantes de Lovelock incluyen un conjunto de imágenes que muestran una huella de mano, más del doble del tamaño de la mano de un hombre normal impresa en una piedra en la cueva que fue publicada por los investigadores de Bigfoot MK Davis y Don Monroe en 2013. Las leyendas cuentan que los indios Uros fabricaban barcos de caña y vivían en islas del lago Titicaca similares a los Paiute. Al parecer, los incas los llevaron a vivir de esta manera, al igual que los antepasados de los Paiutes lo hicieron con los gigantes del lago Lahontan. Hoy en día, muchos de los artefactos originales encontrados en Lovelock ( pero no los gigantes ) se pueden ver en un pequeño museo de historia natural ubicado en Winnemucca, Nevada. El sitio es significativo en un contexto arqueológico porque es un ejemplo de evidencia que apareció, y fue analizado científicamente para confirmar la leyenda que los ancianos Paiutes les contaron a los niños de la tribu durante años, aunque no todo fuera completamente exacto y explicado. Hearst de la Universidad de California publicó un artículo sobre la cueva de Lovelock en 2005 : " El sitio ha sido extensamente cazado con marihuana y muchos materiales permanecen en colecciones privadas. La cueva de Lovelock fue designada oficialmente como sitio histórico en 1984. Email Para Negocios (Business email): [email protected] Whatsapp: +523314525759 Twitter: twitter.com/DQMentalista Facebook: facebook.com/eldoqmentalistaofficial Instagram: instagram.com/doqmentalista/ Google+: plus.google.com/+ElDoQmentalista Pinterest: pinterest.com.mx/eldoqmentalista/ Tumblr: tumblr.com/blog/eldoqmentalista Blogger: yosoyeldoqmentalista.blogspot.com Pagina Oficial: www.eldoqmentalista.com Mi otro canal, es donde subo mucha de la musica que hago para mis documentales: youtube.com/channel/UCNmGj6luO5fzPRVXkl2f4lw
Views: 56432 El DoQmentalista
Hola Motherfactors! ¿Cómo Estás? In today's video, we're jet-setting across to Europe again, to visit one of the most popular countries in the continent. Grab your sunscreen, brew up some Sangria and grab that flamenco dress, as we learn 101 Facts about Spain! ► Subscribe to 101 Facts Here: http://bit.ly/1MtNBJD ► Follow 101 Facts on Twitter: https://twitter.com/101Facts1 ► Follow us on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/101factsyt/?hl=en
Views: 54417 101Facts
Pug Skullz perform 'Monsatan' at the Summer Daze Concert Series IV at the Miners Foundry Cultural Center, 325 Spring St., Nevada City, California. The Secretions, The Devils Train and Lightweight rounded out the bill. More coverage on this even can be found at: http://wp.me/p2m40I-Ep and Pug Skullz music can be had here: http://pugskullz.bandcamp.com
Views: 58 Punk Retrospective
The US has been criticized for supporting dictatorships with economic assistance and military hardware. More: https://www.amazon.com/gp/search?ie=UTF8&tag=tra0c7-20&linkCode=ur2&linkId=feb9a7adc6a74dc6bf295838c0aa10df&camp=1789&creative=9325&index=books&keywords=john%20stockwell Particular dictatorships have included Musharraf of Pakistan, the Shah of Iran, Museveni of Uganda, the Saudi Royal family, warlords in Somalia, and Augusto Pinochet in Chile. The US has been criticized by Noam Chomsky for opposing nationalist movements in foreign countries, including social reform. The United States was criticized for manipulating the internal affairs of foreign nations, including Guatemala, Chile, Cuba, Colombia, various countries in Africa including Uganda. See also Covert United States foreign regime change actions. The US has been accused of condoning actions by Israel against Palestinians. Some critics argue that America's policy of advocating democracy may be ineffective and even counterproductive. Zbigniew Brzezinski declared that "[t]he coming to power of Hamas is a very good example of excessive pressure for democratization" and argued that George W. Bush's attempts to use democracy as an instrument against terrorism were risky and dangerous. Analyst Jessica Tuchman Mathews of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace agreed that imposing democracy "from scratch" was unwise, and didn't work. Realist critics such as George F. Kennan argued U.S. responsibility is only to protect its own citizens and that Washington should deal with other governments on that basis alone; they criticize president Woodrow Wilson's emphasis on democratization and nation-building although it wasn't mentioned in Wilson's Fourteen Points, and the failure of the League of Nations to enforce international will regarding Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy, and Imperial Japan in the 1930s. Realist critics attacked the idealism of Wilson as being ill-suited for weak states created at the Paris Peace Conference. Others, however, criticize the U.S. Senate's decision not to join the League of Nations which was based on isolationist public sentiment as being one cause for the organization's ineffectiveness. President Bush has been criticized for neglecting democracy and human rights by focusing exclusively on an effort to fight terrorism. The US was criticized for alleged prisoner abuse at Guantánamo Bay, Abu Ghraib in Iraq, and secret CIA prisons in eastern Europe, according to Amnesty International. In response, the US government claimed incidents of abuse were isolated incidents which did not reflect U.S. policy. In the 1960s, Martin Luther King Jr. criticized excessive U.S. spending on military projects, and suggested a linkage between its foreign policy abroad and racism at home. Even in 1971, a Time Magazine essayist wondered why there were 375 major foreign military bases around the world with 3,000 lesser military facilities and concluded "there is no question that the U.S. today has too many troops scattered about in too many places." In a 2010 defense report, Cordesman criticized out-of-control military spending. Expenditures to fight the War on Terror are vast and seem limitless. The Iraq war was expensive and continues to be a severe drain on U.S. finances. Bacevich thinks the U.S. has a tendency to resort to military means to try to solve diplomatic problems. The Vietnam War was a costly, decade-long military engagement which ended in defeat, and the mainstream view today is that the entire war was a mistake. The dollar cost was $111 billion, or $698 billion in 2009 dollars. Similarly, the second Iraq war is viewed by many as being a mistake, since there were no weapons of mass destruction found, and the war continues today. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Criticism_of_American_foreign_policy
Views: 104810 The Film Archives
White-nose Syndrome (WNS) has killed millions of bats in the eastern half of North America. It was first discovered in 2006 affecting hibernating bats in New York and since that time the disease has spread to 25 U.S. states and 5 Canadian provinces. Seven species of bats (including two Endangered Species) have had mortality due to WNS and an additional five species have tested positive for the causal agent (a fungus). This causal agent is Pseudogymnoascus destructans (Pd) and is directly responsible in causing mortality in hibernating bats due to WNS. Three additional states have had detections of this fungus but WNS has not been confirmed from those three states (yet!). Dr. David Wyatt, professor at Sacramento City College, will provide an overview of Pd, how it causes mortality in bats, why only hibernating bat species have exhibited mortality, what are current estimates of mortality, what is the current known distribution of WNS in North America, what efforts are being made to combat this disease, and the difficulties inherent in detecting and addressing this disease in western North America bat species. Please join us in this fascinating discussion of a wildlife disease that has such devastating impacts on numerous species in this ecologically and economically important group of mammals.
Views: 419 Margaret Mantor
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Sonora 00:01:30 1 Etymology 00:03:02 2 History 00:03:10 2.1 Pre-Hispanic period 00:06:41 2.2 European civilization 00:11:50 2.3 Independence 00:19:00 2.4 20th century 00:31:12 3 Geography and environment 00:31:22 3.1 Natural divisions 00:32:30 3.2 Center plains and coast 00:36:47 3.3 Sierra Madre Occidental 00:37:28 3.4 Flora and fauna 00:41:29 3.5 Climate 00:45:11 3.6 Hydrology 00:46:17 3.7 Protected areas 00:50:15 4 Politics and government 00:50:29 5 The border 00:53:55 6 Demographics 00:54:04 6.1 General population 00:55:17 6.2 Indigenous population 01:05:28 7 Economy 01:05:37 7.1 General profile 01:07:26 7.2 Agriculture and livestock 01:12:03 7.3 Fishing 01:13:34 7.4 Industry and mining 01:17:14 7.5 Tourism 01:26:25 7.6 The Border 01:29:40 7.7 Handcrafts 01:33:20 8 Culture 01:37:48 8.1 Archaeology 01:39:48 8.2 Gastronomy 01:44:20 9 Education 01:46:16 10 Transportation 01:47:25 11 Famous people 01:47:50 12 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Sonora (Spanish pronunciation: [soˈnoɾa] (listen)), officially Estado Libre y Soberano de Sonora (English: Free and Sovereign State of Sonora), is one of 31 states that, with Mexico City, comprise the 32 federal entities of United Mexican States. It is divided into 72 municipalities; the capital city is Hermosillo. Sonora is bordered by the states of Chihuahua to the east, Baja California to the northwest and Sinaloa to the south. To the north, it shares the U.S.–Mexico border with the states of Arizona and New Mexico, and on the west has a significant share of the coastline of the Gulf of California. Sonora's natural geography is divided into three parts: the Sierra Madre Occidental in the east of the state; plains and rolling hills in the center; and the coast on the Gulf of California. It is primarily arid or semiarid deserts and grasslands, with only the highest elevations having sufficient rainfall to support other types of vegetation. Sonora is home to eight indigenous peoples, including the Mayo, the Yaqui, and Seri. It has been economically important for its agriculture, livestock (especially beef), and mining since the colonial period, and for its status as a border state since the Mexican–American War. With the Gadsden Purchase, Sonora lost more than a quarter of its territory. From the 20th century to the present, industry, tourism, and agribusiness have dominated the economy, attracting migration from other parts of Mexico.
Views: 40 wikipedia tts