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Blood Typing
 
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Procedure to assess blood type using haemagglutination of blood cells with antibodies
Views: 8126 Simon Wells
Blood Typing Explained
 
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Explaining what Antigen, Antibody, and agglutination mean as they relate to blood typing. The basics of how a blood typing card works is also explained.
Views: 31620 Ren Hartung
How to test to know ABO Blood group and Rh Typing by RJH - Medical video - RJ Harish
 
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This video will guide you on how to test blood group at home with the help of Anti A, B and D (Rh) monoclonal antibody reagents. Blood typing procedure: 1. Mix! First mix the each drop of blood with three different reagents including either of the three different antibodies, A, B or Rh antibodies! 2. Look for agglutination! Then you look at what has happened. ... 3. Figure out the ABO blood group! ... 4. Figure out the Rh blood group! ... 5. Figure out the blood type! Blood is often grouped according to the ABO blood typing system. This method breaks blood types down into four categories: Type A Type B Type AB Type O Rh +ve or -ve Blood typing is also done to tell whether or not you have a substance called Rh factor on the surface of your red blood cells. If you have this substance, you are considered Rh+ (positive). Those without it are considered Rh- (negative). Rh typing uses a method similar to ABO typing. Normal Results ABO typing: If your blood cells stick together when mixed with: • Anti-A serum, you have type A blood • Anti-B serum, you have type B blood • Both anti-A and anti-B serums, you have type AB blood If your blood cells do not stick together when anti-A and anti-B are added, you have type O blood. RH typing: • If your blood cells stick together when mixed with anti-Rh serum, you have type Rh-positive blood. • If your blood does not clot when mixed with anti-Rh serum, you have type Rh-negative blood. The last slide blood group is B -ve as you can see clumping/agglutination with Anti-B reagent and no agglutination with rest 2 Considerations There are many antigens besides the major ones (A, B, and Rh). Many minor ones are not routinely detected during blood typing. If they are not detected, you may still have a reaction when receiving certain types of blood, even if the A, B, and Rh antigens are matched. A process called cross-matching followed by a Coombs' test can help detect these minor antigens and is routinely done prior to transfusions, except in emergency situations.
Views: 19918 Dr Harish R J
Blood Group Test- How to determine your blood group very easily- in HINDI
 
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To Purchase Blood Group Kit- https://amzn.to/2LFqrru To Purchase lancet- https://amzn.to/2mADoIf There are eight blood groups you can belong to A Rh+, A Rh-, B Rh+, B Rh-, AB Rh+, AB Rh-, O Rh+, and O Rh -, although doctors usually leave out the Rh and just say + or -. What blood type a person ends up with is determined by genetics.To figure out a person’s blood type, doctors can use two methods: ABO Typing or back typing. In ABO typing, doctors take blood and mix it with serums containing the antibodies in Type A and B blood. pushpendra patel solution pharmacy Anti-A serum, you have type A blood Anti-B serum, you have type B blood Both anti-A and anti-B serums, you have type AB blood If your blood cells do not stick together when anti-A and anti-B are added, you have type O blood. In backtesting, known A and B cells are added to samples. If the blood clumps together only when B cells are added, the donor has to type A blood. If the blood clumps together when A cells are added, the donor is Type B. And if the blood clumps when either type of cell is added, the donor has Type O blood. No clumping indicates Type AB. Rh is determined by mixing in anti-Rh serum. If the blood cells stick together when the serum is added, the person is Rh positive; if not, the person is Rh negative.The blood will agglutinate if the antigens in the patient's blood match the antibodies in the test tube. A antibodies attach to A antigens - they match like a lock and key - and thus form a clump of red blood cells. In the same way, B antibodies attach to B antigens and Rh antibodies to Rh antigens. In the test tubes where agglutination has occurred, the patient's red blood cells have been linked together, like bunches of grapes, instead of floating around one by one. This video is helpful to understand- blood group determination, find your blood group, how to know your blood group, blood grouping test, blood group experiment in Hindi, find your blood group type, etc Get in touch with solution by just clicking following links- Facebook page- https://www.facebook.com/pharmavideo/ Facebook Group- https://www.facebook.com/groups/solutionpharamcy Instagram- https://www.instagram.com/solutionpharmacy/ Mail Us for Free Pharmacology Materials- sol[email protected] LinkedIn- http://linkedin.com/in/pushpendrakpatel Review and rating - https://www.facebook.com/pg/pharmavideo/reviews/?ref=page_internal
Views: 40612 Solution- Pharmacy
How To Test Your Own Blood Groups ?
 
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This video will guide you on how to test your own blood group at home with the help of the fluids. These are actually anti body to A, B and D (which is Rh factor). So here we will test the blood groups by using our solutions. So I pricked my finger, put 3 drops of blood on slide and then solution was put in form of drop. Then the drops are mixed. Then see for agglutination reaction in form of clumping. Then compare with the pics given in the video and see how different blood groups look like. My blood group is B-ve.
Views: 699935 Dr. Vikram
Blood types | Human anatomy and physiology | Health & Medicine | Khan Academy
 
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Created by Patrick van Nieuwenhuizen. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/science/health-and-medicine/human-anatomy-and-physiology/introduction-to-hematologic/v/blood-cell-lineages?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=healthandmedicine Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/science/health-and-medicine/human-anatomy-and-physiology/introduction-to-hematologic/v/red-blood-cells?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=healthandmedicine Health & Medicine on Khan Academy: No organ quite symbolizes love like the heart. One reason may be that your heart helps you live, by moving ~5 liters (1.3 gallons) of blood through almost 100,000 kilometers (62,000 miles) of blood vessels every single minute! It has to do this all day, everyday, without ever taking a vacation! Now that is true love. Learn about how the heart works, how blood flows through the heart, where the blood goes after it leaves the heart, and what your heart is doing when it makes the sound “Lub Dub.” About Khan Academy: Khan Academy is a nonprofit with a mission to provide a free, world-class education for anyone, anywhere. We believe learners of all ages should have unlimited access to free educational content they can master at their own pace. We use intelligent software, deep data analytics and intuitive user interfaces to help students and teachers around the world. Our resources cover preschool through early college education, including math, biology, chemistry, physics, economics, finance, history, grammar and more. We offer free personalized SAT test prep in partnership with the test developer, the College Board. Khan Academy has been translated into dozens of languages, and 100 million people use our platform worldwide every year. For more information, visit www.khanacademy.org, join us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter at @khanacademy. And remember, you can learn anything. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s Health & Medicine channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC1RAowgA3q8Gl7exSWJuDEw?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 223873 khanacademymedicine
Blood Types:  ABO and Rh (with donuts and sprinkles!)
 
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All about blood types - ABO and Rh blood groups. Who donates to whom? How are blood types inherited? What are the medical issues involved with transfusions? DON'T memorize that donor / recipient table - watch this video instead! Links to videos mentioned: Mendelian Genetics: Fun with Cats and Peas http://youtu.be/xtJwHytHRfI JOIN THE FUN all over the WEB: SUBSCRIBE: http://www.youtube.com/user/ThePenguinProf FACEBOOK: https://www.facebook.com/ThePenguinProf GOOGLE+: https://plus.google.com/+Penguinprof/posts TWITTER: https://twitter.com/penguinprof WEB: http://www.penguinprof.com/ --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- VIDEO DETAILS: Blood Groups: ABO and Rh Blood Group Systems 32 human blood group systems are now recognized by the International Society of Blood Transfusion The most important of these: ABO blood group system and Rh blood group system Discovery of ABO Blood Types ABO blood types were discovered in 1900 by Dr. Karl Landsteiner at the University of Vienna He wondered why some patients died as a result of blood transfusions and others did not Inheritance Blood types are inherited genetic traits (like eye color, hair color, etc.) ABO Analogy: Donuts and Sprinkles donut = red blood cell A sprinkles = A antigens B sprinkles = B antigens no sprinkles = no antigens (plain donut) What are the antigens chemically? Alleles in the ABO System i = base (plain donut) IA = encodes A antigens IB = encodes B antigens Allele Combinations ii IAIA or IAi IBIB or IBi IAIB Antigens and Antibodies The antigens you have on your blood cells are recognized by your immune system as SELF antigens If foreign antigens are discovered in your body, antibodies (or immunoglobulins) will be made by B cells of the immune system Antibody Structure Antigen + Antibody = agglutination reaction Agglutination = the clumping of particles Latin: agglutinare meaning 'to glue' Mixing of all blood groups and the result KEY: CANNOT transfuse if foreign antigens are introduced!!! The Rh Antigen Inherited in Mendelian fashion! Medical issue: Rh- mother and Rh+ fetus Good News... Rho(D) Globulin Treatment ("RhoGAM")
Views: 601813 ThePenguinProf
Step to step procedure for  blood group test in lab - Froward and Reverse method
 
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This video is a complete guideline about how to perform blood group both reverse and forward in lab. A best learning video for medical students. For more, subscribe my new channel https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCB88x_9Ndp38KLGVYg0yZpw
Views: 20611 Talha Raza
Blood Group Test  Experiment Harib Diagnostic Lab
 
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Blood Group Test Experiment Harib Diagnostic Lab Welcome to Harib Diagnostic lab we are providing Diagnostic Facilities Hematology Micro Bilogy Bio Chemistry Elisa A blood type (also called a blood group) is a classification of blood based on the presence and absence of antibodies and also based on the presence or absence of inherited antigenic substances on the surface of red blood cells (RBCs). These antigens may be proteins, carbohydrates, glycoproteins, or glycolipids, depending on the blood group system. Some of these antigens are also present on the surface of other types of cells of various tissues. Several of these red blood cell surface antigens can stem from one allele (or an alternative version of a gene) and collectively form a blood group system. [1] Blood types are inherited and represent contributions from both parents. A total of 35 human blood group systems are now recognized by the International Society of Blood Transfusion (ISBT). [2] The two most important ones are ABO and the RhD antigen; they determine someone's blood type (A, B, AB and O, with +, − or Null denoting RhD status). As with many other genetic traits, the distribution of ABO and Rh blood groups varies significantly between populations. Transfusion medicine is a specialized branch of hematology that is concerned with the study of blood groups, along with the work of a blood bank to provide a transfusion service for blood and other blood products. Across the world, blood products must be prescribed by a medical doctor (licensed physician or surgeon) in a similar way as medicines. https://youtu.be/Lx3CAmMpvCE Thanks For Watching . Please LIke , Share And Don't Forget Subscribe My Channel.
Views: 120046 Harib Lab
Blood-Typing Test
 
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Learn how to find your blood type with a simple at-home test kit from Home Science Tools. Blood Test Kit: http://www.homesciencetools.com/blood-test-kit/p/BE-BLDTEST/
Views: 55252 Home Science Tools
Blood Bank - Antibody Screen
 
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This video is for instructional uses only and is not to be used for actual medical laboratory testing.
Views: 35760 Patrick Tracy
Blood Bank-Forward and Reverse ABORh Blood Typing (Tube method)
 
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In this video I show you how to perform a forward and reverse ABORh blood typing. The specimen I'm using in this video is Group O and Rh Positive.The reactions are as follows: anti-A: zero, anti-B: zero, Anti-D: 4+ and the reverse A1: 4+ and B: 4+.
Views: 54044 Robert Bounds
Blood Typing.mp4
 
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A short video on the eight main types of blood including a description of what types of blood there are, what are the specific antigens for those blood types, what are the antibodies in the plasma given the a person't blood type, how are blood types read using antibody agglutination, what types can donate/receive blood from whom, and what types can donate/receive plasma from whom. A copy of the diagram used in this video can be found at http://www.kirkwood.edu/pdf/uploaded/695/blood_typingb.pdf
Views: 21809 D.J. Hennager
Blood Types
 
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Paul Andersen explains the importance of blood types in blood transfusions. He starts with a brief discussion of blood antigens and antibodies. He describes how the ABO differs from the Rh blood type. He shows you how to solve simple genetic problems using Punnett squares. He then talks about the percentage distribution of the different types and the problems that may result during pregnancy. Intro Music Atribution Title: I4dsong_loop_main.wav Artist: CosmicD Link to sound: http://www.freesound.org/people/CosmicD/sounds/72556/ Creative Commons Atribution License
Views: 659831 Bozeman Science
widal test (slide & tube) procedure
 
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Widal test is still a common way of diagnosing enteric fever cases in several countries. Although tube agglutination is the standard, some manufacturers have adapted it for slide agglutination. This video shows qualitative as well as quantitative test on a kit that can be used for both slide as well as tube agglutination. Procedure displayed here is as per manufacturer's directions. Procedure of tube agglutination test varies across kits. Kits designed exclusively for tube agglutination have different procedures.
Views: 621005 Sridhar Rao
Agglutination Video Intro to Blood Typing
 
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Recorded with https://screencast-o-matic.com
Views: 154 Amber Uthe
Agglutination assay to detect antigens - Multi-Lingual Captions
 
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This short animation demonstrates detection of specific antigens using the agglutination assay. This resource was developed by Cary Engleberg of the University of Michigan. It is part of a larger learning module about laboratory methods for clinical microbiology. The full learning module, editable animation, and video transcript are available at http://open.umich.edu/education/med/oernetwork/med/microbiology/clinical-microbio-lab/2009. Copyright 2009-2010, Cary Engleberg. This is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial 3.0 License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/. Help us caption & translate this video! http://amara.org/v/BWPO/
Views: 156610 openmichigan
Blood Types
 
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Overview of the ABO blood group and the Rh blood group.
Views: 10916 knowwhatuknow41
Determination of  blood group and Rh in tube
 
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Process to determine your blood group in an laboratory
Views: 5353 Karime Guesq
Blood Grouping Experiment - Amrita University
 
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▶ This video channel is developed by Amrita University's CREATE http://www.amrita.edu/create ▶ Subscribe @ https://www.youtube.com/user/amritacreate http://www.youtube.com/amritavlab ▶ Like us @ https://www.facebook.com/CREATEatAmrita ▶ For more Information @ http://vlab.amrita.edu/index.php?sub=3&brch=69&sim=192&cnt=1 ▶ Amrita Virtual Lab Project website http://vlab.amrita.edu An adult human has about 4--6 litres of blood circulating in the body. Blood consists of several types of cells including White Blood Corpuscles or WBC and Red Blood Corpuscles or RBC floating around in fluid called plasma. There are certain protein molecules called antigens located on the surface of the red blood cells and antibodies which are in the blood plasma. The differences in human blood are due to the presence or absence of these antigens and antibodies. Individuals have different types and combinations of these molecules. According to the ABO blood grouping system discovered by Karl Landsteiner, there are four types of blood groups.
Views: 248824 Amrita Vlab
Blood Typing Exercise
 
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In this demonstration, NCSSM Forensics instructor Candice Chambers explains how to perform an ABO blood typing test using the Synthetic Blood: Whose Baby? kit from Carolina Biological Supply. NCSSM, a publicly funded high school in North Carolina, provides exciting, high-level STEM learning opportunities. If you appreciate this video, please consider making a tax-deductible donation to the NCSSM Foundation. Thank you! https://connections.ncssm.edu/giving Please attribute this work as being created by the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics. This work is licensed under creative commons CC-BY http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ Help us caption & translate this video! http://amara.org/v/GAbv/
RapidVet H Feline Blood Typing Test
 
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Available to veterinarians from http://www.mwianimalhealth.com DMS introduced agglutination-based typing cards more than a decade ago: the first commercially available in-office test for blood typing cats. Very soon, a new test based on immuno-chromatographic techniques will also be available. Either choice will provide you with ease of use and rapid, easy to read results. There are three feline blood types: A, B and AB. Cats have naturally occurring antibodies to antigens not on their red cells. Thus cats with type A blood have antibodies to type B antigens, and cats with type B blood have antibodies to type A antigens. Cats with type AB blood have both A and B antigens on the erythrocyte membrane and do not have naturally occurring antibodies to either type A or B blood. The A type is the most common in cats. The prevalence of type B blood differs by breed. Breeds with a greater than 10% incidence of type B blood include: Abyssinian 16% Japanese Bobtail 16% Birman 18% Persian 14% British SH 36% Scottish Fold 19% Cornish Rex 33% Somali 18% Devon Rex 41% Sphynx 17% Cats with type AB blood are rare. Believe it or not...most cats are not blood typed. What are the risks of not blood typing cats? Transfusion Risks Cats that are transfused, even once, with an incompatible blood type, are at risk for a transfusion reaction. Cats with B erythrocytes exhibit an immediate and catastrophic systemic anaphylactic reaction and a Hemolytic Transfusion Reaction ("HTR") when transfused with type A blood, because of their natural high-titered anti-A antibody Death is extremely likely. Cats with A erythrocytes and natural low-titered anti-B antibody will exhibit only a mild reaction when transfused with type B blood, but the transfused cells will have a shortened life span. The recipient will develop moderate titers of anti-B antibody that will result in a serious reaction if a subsequent incompatible transfusion is administered. In general, you don't know a cat needs a transfusion (to treat a blood disorder or trauma) until it's an emergency. Knowing the patient’s blood type can help prevent an iatrogenic emergency. Mating Risks Serious problems can result from accidental or mismatched mating. A mating of a type B queen with a type A tom will result in their type A kittens being at risk for neonatal isoerythrolysis (“NI”), commonly known as “fading kitten syndrome”. The maternal naturally occurring, highly titered anti-A antibody occurs in the colostrum where it can be absorbed by the newborn kittens. The absorbed antibody attacks the kittens’ type A erythrocytes. Although the kittens can seem normal at birth, they develop signs after nursing, fade and die within the first days of life. Determining the blood type of the queen and the tom prior to mating, coupled with appropriate genetic counseling, can minimize the risk of NI. Furthermore, immediate blood type determination of the newborn kittens will alert the client to remove the kittens and to begin surrogate nursing where necessary. The conclusions are clear: • All cats should be blood typed. • No cats should be mated before blood typing. • All kittens resulting from incompatible matings should be blood typed at birth so that surrogate nursing can be started where necessary and the kittens allowed to thrive.
Views: 3170 MWI Animal Health
Blood Typing
 
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Learn how to type blood using the ABO and Rh markers.
Views: 84072 CSMDTube
DETERMINATION OF BLOOD GROUPS
 
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procedure of blood group determination
Views: 8230 Physiology practicals
Blood Type (ABO and Rh) Made Simple!
 
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This video covers the basics of blood typing, including descriptions of the ABO system and the Rh system!
Views: 274717 Simple Science Answers
Hemagglutination assay
 
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For more information, log on to- http://shomusbiology.weebly.com/ Download the study materials here- http://shomusbiology.weebly.com/bio-materials.html Source of all articles published in description is Wikipedia. Thanks to original content developers. Link- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page The hemagglutination assay (or haemagglutination assay; HA) is a method of quantification for viruses or bacteria by hemagglutination. It is an easy, simple and rapid method which can be applied to large numbers of samples. The hemagglutination assay and its extension, the hemagglutination inhibition assay, were invented in 1941--42 by American virologist George Hirst.[1][2] The hemagglutination assay of a virus, in contrast to other forms of virus quantification such as a plaque assay or 50% Tissue Culture Infective Dose, does not give any measure of viral infectivity, because no virus replication is required in this assay. The same may not be true when using HA for bacteria. The detailed conditions depend on the type of virus or bacteria being assayed since certain pH values and ionic strengths can impact the activity of the proteins of interest in a difficult to predict manner. Normally, a virus dilution (e.g. 2-fold from 1:4 to 1:4096) will be applied to an RBC dilution (e.g. 0.1% to 0.7% in steps of 0.2%) for approx. 30 min, often at 4 °C, otherwise viruses with neuraminidase activity will detach the virus from the RBCs. Then the lattice forming parts will be counted and the titer calculated. Virus concentration in virions per millilitre = 107 x HA titer.[3] The titer of a hemagglutination assay is determined by the last viable "lattice" structure found. This is because it is at the point where, if diluted anymore, the amount of Virus particles will be less than that of the RBCs and thus not be able to agglutinate them together. For bacteria, depending on species, a bacterial dilution will be applied to an equal part RBC dilution and then incubated for 30 min to an hour at an optimal growth temperature before being observed.[4]
Views: 53655 Shomu's Biology
Blood Types Explained | Blood Groups (ABO) and Rh Factor Nursing Transfusions Compatibility
 
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Blood typing made easy with explanation on ABO blood groups and Rh factor for nurses (blood transfusions). There are 8 total blood types from four blood groups (A, B, AB, O). In nursing we transfuse blood, but before we do this we have to collect blood from the patient who will be receiving the blood transfusion. The patient's blood will be typed and crossmatched with a donor. The donor’s blood must be compatible with our patient to prevent a transfusion reaction. To understand blood typing, you have to understand the relationship between antigens and antibodies. What are red blood cell antigens? They are either present or absent on the surface of RBC. All red blood cells have them EXCEPT Type O RBCs. Antigens are proteins that can illicit an immune response when they come into contact with its corresponding antibodies. Therefore, they stimulate antibodies to defend the body. So, when the same red blood cell antigens and antibodies get together it will cause an IMMUNE RESPONSE called agglutination. This is where the RBCs will glue together, hence clump together. Therefore, it is VERY important a person is not transfused with the wrong blood type. Blood Types: Recipient and Donor A blood type: has only A antigens on its surface with B antibodies in the plasma. Type A: donates to A and AB and recipient of O and A B blood type: has only B antigens on its surface with A antibodies in the plasma. Type B: donates to B and AB and recipient of O and B AB blood type: has both A and B antigens on its surface with NO antibodies in it plasma. Type AB: donates to only other ABs but recipient of O, A, B, and AB...known as the "UNIVERSAL RECIPIENT" O blood type: has NO antigens on its surface with A and B antibodies in its plasma. Type O: donates to all types but only recipient of other O....known as the "UNIVERSAL DONOR". Rh factors: either present or absent on the red blood cells surface. If these factors are present on the RBC the patient is Rh POSTIVIE, but if these factors are absent the patient is Rh NEGATIVE. If a patient is Rh positive they can receive either Rh+ or RH- blood. While Rh negative patients can receive only Rh- blood. Quiz Blood Typing: http://www.registerednursern.com/blood-types-nclex-quiz/ Notes: http://www.registerednursern.com/blood-types-nursing-nclex-review/ Blood Transfusion Nursing Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v4PHCwvkH24 More Reviews: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfWwTsEG3KPPQx9rWa8AqMIk Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/registerednursern_com/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/RegisteredNurseRNs Subscribe: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=registerednursern Nursing School Supplies: http://www.registerednursern.com/the-ultimate-list-of-nursing-medical-supplies-and-items-a-new-nurse-student-nurse-needs-to-buy/ Check out other Videos: https://www.youtube.com/user/RegisteredNurseRN/videos All of our videos in a playlist: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pAhHxt663pU&list=PLQrdx7rRsKfXMveRcN4df0bad3ugEaQnk Popular Playlists: NCLEX Reviews: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfWtwCDmLHyX2UeHofCIcgo0 Fluid & Electrolytes: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfWJSZ9pL8L3Q1dzdlxUzeKv Nursing Skills: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfUhd_qQYEbp0Eab3uUKhgKb Nursing School Study Tips: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfWBO40qeDmmaMwMHJEWc9Ms Nursing School Tips & Questions" https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVQok-t1X5ZMGgQr3IMBY9M Teaching Tutorials: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfUkW_DpJekN_Y0lFkVNFyVF Types of Nursing Specialties: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfW8dRD72gUFa5W7XdfoxArp Healthcare Salary Information: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVN0vmEP59Tx2bIaB_3Qhdh New Nurse Tips: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVTqH6LIoAD2zROuzX9GXZy Nursing Career Help: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVXjptWyvj2sx1k1587B_pj EKG Teaching Tutorials: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfU-A9UTclI0tOYrNJ1N5SNt Dosage & Calculations for Nurses: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfUYdl0TZQ0Tc2-hLlXlHNXq Diabetes Health Managment: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfXtEx17D7zC1efmWIX-iIs9
Views: 69659 RegisteredNurseRN
Methods of Blood Grouping (HD)
 
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Topics: - Concept of Forward & Backward Grouping - Slide Test - Tube Method - Microplate Method - Column Agglutination or Gel Technology - Solid Phase Adherence Technology - Rh D Grouping
Views: 2187 Rabiul Haque
Blood Group Test By Slide Method
 
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Sorry Viewers, I forgot to explain O+ Blood Group Bcz it was my first video there was no plan to make video and suddenly start shooting so I felt nervous in from of 📷 for that why forgot. O+ Explain When A & B not agglutinate Only D agglutinate. A × B × D ✓ Result = O+ Thanks for Watching Please : Subscribe & Share
Views: 37553 MLTLab Manual
Blood type and transfusion reactions
 
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blood group: A genetically determined system of antigens located on the surface of the erythrocyte. There are a number of human blood group systems; each system is determined by a series of two or more genes that are allelic or closely linked on a single autosomal chromosome. The ABO system is of prime importance in blood transfusions. The Rhesus (Rh) system is esp. important in obstetrics. There are about 30 Rh antigens. ABO BLOOD TYPES ; SEE: Rh factor The population can be phenotypically divided into four ABO blood groups: A, B, AB, and O. Individuals in the A group have the A antigen on the surface of their red cells; B group has the B antigen on red cells; AB group has A and B antigens on red cells; and O group has neither A nor B antigens on red cells. The individuals in each group have in their sera the corresponding antibody to the red cell antigens that they lack. Thus, a group A person has the anti-B antibody; group B has anti-A antibodies; group AB has no antibodies for A and B; and group O individuals have anti-A and anti-B antibodies in their sera. Blood group factors are important in blood banking. Analysis of blood groups is important in identification of bloodstains for medicolegal purposes, in genetic and anthropological studies, and, formerly, in determination of the probability of fatherhood in paternity suits. [email protected] https://twitter.com/BariSadik https://www.facebook.com/sadikatulbari.sadik https://www.facebook.com/mats.dmf?ref=hl
Views: 11882 Sadikatul Bari Sadik
Blood Typing Questions:  PenguinChat
 
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Welcome to PenguinChat, a playlist created in response to YOUR questions! These questions came from the "Donuts and Sprinkles: ABO and Rh Blood Type" video. I selected three questions that are good representatives of the many ABO and Rh blood typing problems my viewers have experienced on exams and assignments. Do you have a question? Subscribe and write to me or tweet me @penguinprof with the hashtag #penguinchat. These questions are based on the video: Donuts and Sprinkles: ABO and Rh Blood Types" https://youtu.be/L06TJTMVkBo Other videos you might find helpful: Blood Typing and Paternity Problems: http://youtu.be/2kf-7Y5C4l0 Mendelian Genetics: Fun with Cats and Peas http://youtu.be/xtJwHytHRfI Solving Genetics Problems: http://youtu.be/Qcmdb25Rnyo Want more PenguinProf? Subscribe: http://www.youtube.com/user/ThePenguinProf FB Page: https://www.facebook.com/ThePenguinProf Twitter: https://twitter.com/penguinprof Web: http://www.penguinprof.com/ SPONSORED BY AUDIBLE.COM PenguinProf LOVES Audible and now the feeling is mutual! Audible.com is the premier provider of digital audiobooks. Audible has over 150,000 titles to choose from in every genre. Audible titles play on iPhone, Kindle, Android and more than 500 devices for listening anytime, anywhere. Click to learn more and download a FREE audiobook of your choice! http://www.audibletrial.com/PenguinProf
Views: 4579 ThePenguinProf
ABO blood groups, antibodies and antigens explained
 
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ABO Blood Types They were discovered in 1900 and 1901 at the University of Vienna by Karl Landsteiner in the process of trying to learn why blood transfusions sometimes cause death and at other times save a patient. In 1930, he belatedly received the Nobel Prize for his discovery of blood types. All humans and many other primates can be typed for the ABO blood group. There are four principal types: A, B, AB, and O. There are two antigens and two antibodies that are mostly responsible for the ABO types. The specific combination of these four components determines an individual's type in most cases. The table below shows the possible permutations of antigens and antibodies with the corresponding ABO type ("yes" indicates the presence of a component and "no" indicates its absence in the blood of an individual). For example, people with type A blood will have the A antigen on the surface of their red cells (as shown in the table below). As a result, anti-A antibodies will not be produced by them because they would cause the destruction of their own blood. However, if B type blood is injected into their systems, anti-B antibodies in their plasma will recognize it as alien and burst or agglutinate the introduced red cells in order to cleanse the blood of alien protein. Individuals with type O blood do not produce ABO antigens. Therefore, their blood normally will not be rejected when it is given to others with different ABO types. As a result, type O people are universal donors for transfusions, but they can receive only type O blood themselves. Those who have type AB blood do not make any ABO antibodies. Their blood does not discriminate against any other ABO type. Consequently, they are universal receivers for transfusions, but their blood will be agglutinated when given to people with every other type because they produce both kinds of antigens. It is easy and inexpensive to determine an individual's ABO type from a few drops of blood. A serum containing anti-A antibodies is mixed with some of the blood. Another serum with anti-B antibodies is mixed with the remaining sample. Whether or not agglutination occurs in either sample indicates the ABO type. It is a simple process of elimination of the possibilities. For instance, if an individual's blood sample is agglutinated by the anti-A antibody, but not the anti-B antibody, it means that the A antigen is present but not the B antigen. Therefore, the blood type is A. Research carried out in Heidelberg, Germany by Ludwik Hirszfeld and Emil von Dungern in 1910 and 1911 showed that the ABO blood types are inherited. We now know that they are determined by genes on chromosome 9, and they do not change as a result of environmental influences during life. An individual's ABO type results from the inheritance of 1 of 3 alleles (A, B, or O) from each parent. The possible outcomes are shown below: Both A and B alleles are dominant over O. As a result, individuals who have an AO genotype will have an A phenotype. People who are type O have OO genotypes. In other words, they inherited a recessive O allele from both parents. The A and B alleles are codominant. Therefore, if an A is inherited from one parent and a B from the other, the phenotype will be AB. Agglutination tests will show that these individuals have the characteristics of both type A and type B blood.
Caniplas - 'Blood Typing' (Alvedia Quick Tests) Video 1/7
 
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This video illustrates the use of the "Alvedia DEA1.1 Blood Typing Kit for Dogs". This is an extremely easy blood grouping test that can be performed in-clinic in just a few minutes, using whole blood mixed with an anticoagulant. This kit is one of the tests available from Plasvacc for screening potential donor dogs as suitable donors of Caniplas - i.e. to qualify as "Universal Plasma Donors (UPD)". A UPD is a dog whose plasma can be given to any canine patient, regardless of its blood group, previous transfusion history, or the disease from which it is suffering. Additionally, these test kits can be used to cross-match dogs for a blood transfusion, to ensure that both the donor and the potential recipient have the same blood group/s. This will make the blood transfusion much safer, especially if the dog has had a blood transfusion previously. Plasvacc markets these tests in Australia, New Zealand and North America, through veterinary wholesalers and distributors.
Views: 5755 PlasvaccForLife
What are Blood Types?
 
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Quick Questions explains why, when it comes right down to it, there are really only eight kinds of people in the world. ---------- Like SciShow? Want to help support us, and also get things to put on your walls, cover your torso and hold your liquids? Check out our awesome products over at DFTBA Records: http://dftba.com/artist/52/SciShow Or help support us by subscribing to our page on Subbable: https://subbable.com/scishow ---------- Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet? Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com Thanks Tank Tumblr: http://thankstank.tumblr.com Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK2261/ http://www.nobelprize.org/educational/medicine/landsteiner/readmore.html http://anthro.palomar.edu/blood/Rh_system.htm http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002223.htm http://www.rcsb.org/pdb/101/motm.do?momID=21 http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/inheritance/blood/ http://www.northshore.org/community-events/donating-blood/blood-types/ http://www.redcrossblood.org/learn-about-blood/blood-types
Views: 1399376 SciShow
Coombs Test Made Simple
 
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LIKE US ON FACEBOOK : fb.me/Medsimplified BUY USING AFFILIATE LINKS : AMAZON US--- https://goo.gl/XSJtTx AMAZON India http://goo.gl/QsUhku FLIPKART http://fkrt.it/Wiv8RNNNNN FLIPKART MOBILE APP http://fkrt.it/Wiv8RNNNNN A Coombs test (also known as Coombs' test, antiglobulin test or AGT) is either of two clinical blood tests used in immunohematology and immunology. The two Coombs tests are the direct Coombs test (DCT, also known as direct antiglobulin test or DAT), and the indirect Coombs test (also known as indirect antiglobulin test or IAT). The direct Coombs test is used to test for autoimmune hemolytic anemia; i.e., a condition of a low count of red blood cells (aka RBCs) caused by immune system lysis or breaking of RBC membranes causing RBC destruction. In certain diseases or conditions, an individual's blood may contain IgG antibodies that can specifically bind to antigens on the RBC surface membrane, and their circulating RBCs can become coated with IgG alloantibodies and/or IgG autoantibodies. Complement proteins may subsequently bind to the bound antibodies and cause RBC destruction.[1] The direct Coombs test is used to detect these antibodies or complement proteins that are bound to the surface of red blood cells; a blood sample is taken and the RBCs are washed (removing the patient's own plasma) and then incubated with anti-human globulin (also known as "Coombs reagent"). If this produces agglutination of RBCs, the direct Coombs test is positive, a visual indication that antibodies (and/or complement proteins) are bound to the surface of red blood cells. The indirect Coombs test is used in prenatal testing of pregnant women and in testing blood prior to a blood transfusion. It detects antibodies against RBCs that are present unbound in the patient's serum. In this case, serum is extracted from the blood sample taken from the patient. Then, the serum is incubated with RBCs of known antigenicity; that is, RBCs with known reference values from other patient blood samples. If agglutination occurs, the indirect Coombs test is positive.[2] The two Coombs tests are based on the fact that anti-human antibodies, which are produced by immunizing non-human species with human serum, will bind to human antibodies, commonly IgG or IgM. Animal anti-human antibodies will also bind to human antibodies that may be fixed onto antigens on the surface of red blood cells (also referred to as RBCs), and in the appropriate test tube conditions this can lead to agglutination of RBCs. The phenomenon of agglutination of RBCs is important here, because the resulting clumping of RBCs can be visualised; when clumping is seen the test is positive and when clumping is not seen the test is negative. Common clinical uses of the Coombs test include the preparation of blood for transfusion in cross-matching, screening for atypical antibodies in the blood plasma of pregnant women as part of antenatal care, and detection of antibodies for the diagnosis of immune-mediated haemolytic anemias. Examples of alloimmune hemolysis[edit] Hemolytic disease of the newborn (also known as HDN or erythroblastosis fetalis) Rh D hemolytic disease of the newborn (also known as Rh disease) ABO hemolytic disease of the newborn (the indirect Coombs test may only be weakly positive) Anti-Kell hemolytic disease of the newborn Rh c hemolytic disease of the newborn Rh E hemolytic disease of the newborn wikipidea https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coombs_test Watch Again https://youtu.be/4MJA8Wzp2XM Subscribe https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCOmrniWfKi-uCD6Oh6fqhgw -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- CHECK OUT NEWEST VIDEO: "Nucleic acids - DNA and RNA structure " https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0lZRAShqft0 -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
Views: 247062 MEDSimplified
Understanding Blood Types
 
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This video will discuss the physiology behind the various blood groups. Antigens and antibodies are also discussed in relationship to the different blood groups: type O, A,B, and AB.
Views: 61354 virtualmedstudent
What is HEMAGGLUTINATION? What does HEMAGGLUTINATION mean? HEMAGGLUTINATION meaning
 
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What is HEMAGGLUTINATION? What does HEMAGGLUTINATION mean? HEMAGGLUTINATION meaning - HEMAGGLUTINATION definition - HEMAGGLUTINATION explanation. SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6UuCPh7GrXznZi0Hz2YQnQ Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. Hemagglutination, or haemagglutination, is a specific form of agglutination that involves red blood cells (RBCs). It has two common uses in the laboratory: blood typing and the quantification of virus dilutions in a haemagglutination assay. Blood type can be determined by using antibodies that bind to the A or B blood group antigens in a sample of blood. For example, if antibodies that bind the A blood group are added and agglutination occurs, the blood is either type A or type AB. To determine between type A or type AB, antibodies that bind the B group are added and if agglutination does not occur, the blood is type A. If agglutination does not occur with either antibodies that bind to type A or type B antigens, then neither antigen is present on the blood cells, which means the blood is type O. In blood grouping, the patient's serum is tested against RBCs of known blood groups and also the patient's RBCs are tested against known serum types. In this way the patient's blood group is confirmed from both RBCs and serum. A direct Coombs test is also done on the patient's blood sample in case there are any confounding antibodies. Many viruses attach to molecules present on the surface of RBCs. A consequence of this is that at certain concentrations, a viral suspension may bind together (agglutinate) the RBCs, thus preventing them from settling out of suspension. Since agglutination is not linked to infectivity, attenuated viruses can therefore be used in assays while an additional assay such as a plaque assay must be used to determine infectivity. By serially diluting a virus suspension into an assay tray (a series of wells of uniform volume) and adding a standard amount of blood cells, an estimation of the number of virus particles can be made. While less accurate than a plaque assay, it is cheaper and quicker (taking just 30 minutes). This assay may be modified to include the addition of an antiserum. By using a standard amount of virus, a standard amount of blood cells, and serially diluting the antiserum, one can identify the concentration of the antiserum (the greatest dilution which inhibits hemagglutination).
Views: 360 The Audiopedia
Compatible blood transfusions
 
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Which blood groups can donate to which?
Views: 11557 Dr. John Campbell
Latex Agglutination Test - Amrita University
 
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▶ This video channel is developed by Amrita University's CREATE http://www.amrita.edu/create ▶ Subscribe @ https://www.youtube.com/user/amritacreate http://www.youtube.com/amritavlab ▶ Like us @ https://www.facebook.com/CREATEatAmrita ▶ For more Information @ http://vlab.amrita.edu/index.php?sub=3&brch=69&sim=195&cnt=1 ▶ Amrita Virtual Lab Project website http://vlab.amrita.edu Latex agglutination tests have been in use since 1956 t o detect a wide range of analytes in the clinical laboratory. When spectrophotometers and nephelometers are used in place of the human eye to detect agglutination, it is possible to measure quantitatively and to develop sensitive particle immunoassays. Latex particles may be build from different organic materials to a desired diameter, and may be functionalized with chemical groups to facilitate attachment of molecules Proteins and other molecules may be passively adsorbed to the latex particles or covalently coupled to functional groups. Some described automated latex agglutination tests have sensitivities of a few picograms of analyte.
Views: 26653 Amrita Vlab
How to Appropriately Blood Group Determination
 
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This video will Students guide you on how to test your own blood group at home . These are actually anti body to A, B and D (which is Rh factor). So here we will test the blood groups by using our solutions. So I pricked my finger, put 3 drops of blood on slide and then solution was put in form of drop. Then the drops are mixed. Then see for agglutination reaction in form of clumping. Then compare with the pics given in the video and see how different blood groups look like. My blood group is O+ve My Favorites Videos on Blood Group Determination: 1.Blood Grouping Experiment - Amrita University https://www.youtube.com/user/amritavlab 2.How To Test Your Own Blood Groups ? https://www.youtube.com/user/shaziajafrey8 3.Human Blood Types https://www.youtube.com/user/educreations
Views: 95 Asaduzzaman Nur
Blood Types
 
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This video looks at the different blood types and how to test for each.
Views: 35023 ilearnthisway
ABO & Rh Blood Types
 
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blood types, ABO blood types, Rh factor, Agglutinogens A and B, Agglutinins A and B, RBC, serum, agglutination.
Antigen antibody reaction overview
 
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For more information, log on to- http://shomusbiology.weebly.com/ Download the study materials here- http://shomusbiology.weebly.com/bio-materials.html Source of all articles published in description is Wikipedia. Thanks to original content developers. Link- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page This video focuses on discussing various types of antigen antibody reactions and their clinical importance. The word affinity is used to describe the strength of binding between one antibody binding site and an antigenic determinant (epitope or hapten). The association constant is the mathematical value that is the measure of the strength of binding. Anibody molecules are multivalent and antigens are also often multivalent. This multivalency tends to increase the strength of the interaction, and this really represents the true state of affairs. This overall binding energy that results in the binding of a multivalent antibody with a multivalent antigen is called the functional affinity or the avidity.
Views: 119104 Shomu's Biology
Blood Typing Using EldonCard (ELDON ID CARD)
 
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The test was performed using an ELDON ID CARD (EldonCard). The blood is Type O RhD positive, since there is only agglutination in the Anti-D field.
Views: 571 Kim Kristensen
Why do blood types matter? - Natalie S. Hodge
 
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View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/why-do-blood-types-matter-natalie-s-hodge It’s often said that despite humanity’s many conflicts, we all bleed the same blood. It’s a nice thought, but not quite accurate. In fact, our blood comes in a few different varieties. Natalie S. Hodge defines the four major blood types and sheds light on why some bloods can mix while others cannot. Lesson by Natalie S. Hodge, animation by Brad Purnell.
Views: 1243809 TED-Ed
Brucella  rapid agglutination test
 
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Brucella rapid agglutination test : Positive -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "Germ tube test" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W-fSMpaRA2o -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
Views: 4446 Microhub Plus
Blood Type Lab Intro
 
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Agglutination to type
Views: 5811 mcmurrayje
Blood Bank - Mixed Field Agglutination
 
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This video is for instructional uses only and is not to be used for actual medical laboratory testing.
Views: 5543 Patrick Tracy

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