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Water Resources

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005 - Water Resources In this video Paul Andersen explains how water is unequally distributed around the globe through the hydrologic cycles. Seawater is everywhere but is not useful without costly desalination. Freshwater is divided between surface water and groundwater but must me stored and moved for domestic, industrial, and agricultural uses. Subsidized low cost water has created a problem with water conservation but economic changes could help solve the problem. Do you speak another language? Help me translate my videos: http://www.bozemanscience.com/translations/ Music Attribution Intro Title: I4dsong_loop_main.wav Artist: CosmicD Link to sound: http://www.freesound.org/people/CosmicD/sounds/72556/ Creative Commons Atribution License Outro Title: String Theory Artist: Herman Jolly http://sunsetvalley.bandcamp.com/track/string-theory All of the images are licensed under creative commons and public domain licensing: “Center Pivot Irrigation.” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, August 20, 2015. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Center_pivot_irrigation&oldid=677028017. “Desalination.” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, September 4, 2015. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Desalination&oldid=679383711. File:LevelBasinFloodIrrigation.JPG, n.d. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:LevelBasinFloodIrrigation.JPG. Hillewaert, Hans. English: Aquifer (vectorized), May 25, 2007. en:Image:Schematic aquifer xsection usgs cir1186.png. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aquifer_en.svg. Ikluft. Aerial Photo of the California Aqueduct at the Interstate 205 Crossing, Just East of Interstate 580 Junction., September 11, 2007. Own work. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kluft-Photo-Aerial-I205-California-Aqueduct-Img_0038.jpg. Kbh3rd. English: Map of Water-Level Changes in the High Plains/Ogallala Aquifer in Parts of Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming, 1980 to 1995., February 27, 2009. Own work. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ogallala_changes_1980-1995.svg. moyogo, Water_Cycle_-_blank svg: *Wasserkreislauf png: de:Benutzer:Jooooderivative work: Water Cycle, SVG from Wasserkreislauf.png, November 13, 2011. Water_Cycle_-_blank.svg. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Water_Cycle-en.png. NCDC/NOAA, Michael Brewer. English: Status of Drought in California, October 21, 2014., October 23, 2014. http://droughtmonitor.unl.edu/MapsAndData/MapArchive.aspx. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:California_Drought_Status_Oct_21_2014.png. “Ogallala Aquifer.” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, July 20, 2015. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ogallala_Aquifer&oldid=672198863. Plumbago. English: Annual Mean Sea Surface Salinity from the World Ocean Atlas 2009., December 5, 2012. Own work. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:WOA09_sea-surf_SAL_AYool.png. Rehman, Source file: Le Grand PortageDerivative work: English: The Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River, China., September 20, 2009. File:Three_Gorges_Dam,_Yangtze_River,_China.jpg. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:ThreeGorgesDam-China2009.jpg. Service, Photo by Jeff Vanuga, USDA Natural Resources Conservation. Level Furrow Irrigation on a Lettuce Field in Yuma, Az., October 4, 2011. USDA NRCS Photo Gallery: NRCSAZ02006.tif. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:NRCSAZ02006_-_Arizona_(295)(NRCS_Photo_Gallery).tif. Station, Castle Lake Limnological Research. Castle Lake, California, January 14, 2008. [1]. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Castlelake_1.jpg. Tomia. Hydroelectric Dam, December 30, 2007. Own work. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hydroelectric_dam.svg. USGS. English: Graph of the Locations of Water on Earth, [object HTMLTableCellElement]. http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/waterdistribution.html - traced and redrawn from File:Earth’s water distribution.gif. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Earth%27s_water_distribution.svg. version, Original uploader was Sagredo at en wikipedia Later. English: These Images Show the Yangtze River in the Vicinity of the Three Gorges Dam, September 29, 2007. Transferred from en.wikipedia; transferred to Commons by User:Rehman using CommonsHelper. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:ThreeGorgesDam-Landsat7.jpg. “WaterGAP.” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, April 22, 2014. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=WaterGAP&oldid=605287609. “Water in California.” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, August 31, 2015. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Water_in_California&oldid=678801793.
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Text Comments (84)
Pope SpongeBob (1 month ago)
THATS NOT BRAZIL
LV Teach Me (2 months ago)
Heck yeah it was helpful! Thanks for the lesson. I'll continue to follow and learn.
semih oguzcan (3 months ago)
Increase the cost of water? If you believe in market to function, why you intervene? If you believe that markets don't function properly, why you don't get rid of it and bring sustainable systems such as Resource Based Economy? Be consistent, be logical, get rid of money and ownership which is there for the profits of the rich, not for you, not for the general public nor environment.
john tindell (3 months ago)
what you are teaching is fantastic. May i ask if you consume meat products?
Devanshi Tripathi (3 months ago)
https://unacademy.com/lesson/water-scarcity-and-need-for-water-conservation-lesson-2/WI9JPFBO
Red Diamond (4 months ago)
This is BORING.
Galaxy dragonwolf (6 months ago)
Thanks I have a geography test tomorrow and I'm more confident ☺
GERIN ANTONY (7 months ago)
nice
Joseph Dagostino (7 months ago)
THATS NOT BRAZIL
Hiro Chemers (7 months ago)
Saving my APES grade! Thank you so much!
Shamborg (10 months ago)
But volcanoes shoot out vater vapor
JamesDough1000 (10 months ago)
UMM... WHILE I SHURE LEARNED ALOT FROM YOUR VIDOE I DONT THINK YOUR JOKES ARE FUNNY SO I WONT SUBSKRIBE TO YOU AT ALL!!1!
JamesDough1000 (10 months ago)
Same... I dont like how my apes teacher makes me watch these videos
Fawzi Muhammad (11 months ago)
is anyone else watching this for school?
5461marco (11 months ago)
I dont like
MoKoH (11 months ago)
NO RECESS
5461marco (11 months ago)
DAB ON HATERS
5461marco (11 months ago)
Can we plz watch jake paul
MoKoH (11 months ago)
I Don't like either
Ruiz Marco (11 months ago)
Same
carlosvedrunatarrega (11 months ago)
brrrrrrrouston
Manoj Khandelwal (1 year ago)
good
Emily Barkley-Crow (1 year ago)
Thank you this video has saved me 48 hours before my exam!!!
Anil Kumar (1 year ago)
Thank you for this video. it is really help in My studies. Thank you very very much sir.
Nick Sendra (1 year ago)
SO LIT DXXX
Heather Bayuga (1 year ago)
Very Helpful!
michael abraham (1 year ago)
I think there should a water pipeline system in the us that could move water if flooding happened and another state needed the water
; u ; (1 year ago)
glad I found you, my apes teacher doesn't teach anything ;u;
Christopher Howe (7 months ago)
fr
DK viernes (1 year ago)
Very Informative! Thank you
PLAYSTATION TV (1 year ago)
Water Resources
Ying ying Lam (1 year ago)
Bozeman science you are very smart thank you for teaching my housework that my teacher give me
Shann Vegan (1 year ago)
I think you should really focus on the livestock agriculture industry and the amount of water that funnels there
Gauri Sathish (1 year ago)
AMAZING LIFESAVER AS ALWAYS. Thank you for the great topic review!
Dr.Oscar Lourenco (1 year ago)
how did you make the water resources stencil generation effect in the beginning and during the video ? please would help a lot.
Ethan P (2 years ago)
Thank you so much. This really helped me in my Geography.
John Lord (2 years ago)
10*
stan jansen (2 years ago)
A possible solution that's not mentioned in your video is restoration of arid ecosystems to decrease soil degradation and increase water storage, as an alternative to expensive desalinisation.
TheTheddi (2 years ago)
Agricultural irrigation is highly inefficient since a lot is evaporated. For example simply covering the soil with organic material (mulch from straw for example) can greatly reduce the evaporation and thus the irrigation needs.
Karandeep Singh (2 years ago)
As a student too whom you are far more helpful in just 12 minutes than my AP teacher is in 2 hours , all i can say is that your work is amazing. Keep doing it for all of us.
Jade[d] (4 months ago)
HA.
bong Scott (2 years ago)
since most is used by the upper class use's 92% why don't they pay for a 95% efficiency and get over it they keep telling us at 8% to save water and we'll look at the truth. less people should be the second rich bastards can't afford it what the f have you seen the murry darling river they won't make the next flood season with a farm set like that stupid economy people stop sucking (d)
Victoria Casetta (2 years ago)
I wish the ads didn't have swear words. Love the channel!
vesu (1 year ago)
If you're a teacher, try installing "uBlock Origin" if you use google chrome at school. This basically gets rid of ads so you and your students can spend more time learning and less time seeing inappropriate ads.
Itz Andalusia Vlogs (2 years ago)
Go to Brazil people LoL
Tunç Öztemir (2 years ago)
Massive amounts of agriculture to feed the animals we eat. That is the real and the biggest reason why we use so much water. I would not go as far as to say that we should all become vegetarians. However, I think we have to radically change our diet.
Bryan Astua (6 months ago)
Do a research and you will find that vegan nowadays market produces also suffering
Bryan Astua (6 months ago)
What about stopping the amount of people reproducing, which is the real problem?
Abigail Garner (10 months ago)
Living vegan is so easy in this day and age and so much better for our health, the animals and the environment!
VeganBackpacking - (1 year ago)
No, we should all become vegan ;) But you're totally right, let's hope places like California will start seeing this reality before it's too late.
Oscar (2 years ago)
It's useful the test that I will do in tomorrow!!!Thanks!!!I hope I will pass this course, GOOD LUCK!!
g4tech (2 years ago)
great lesson nice video
Pedro Gouveia (2 years ago)
WHAT ABOUT THE WATER GIVEN TO ANIMLAS IN FACTORY FARMS!!!!
Bryan Astua (6 months ago)
Wanna help? Sterilize and stop reproducing
Pedro Gouveia (2 years ago)
+Angie Quach you got it. Btw im vegan , ,,
Angie Quach (2 years ago)
+Pedro Gouveia That counts too. Lots of water is needed to grow crops, and most of our crops are fed to animals, not people, actually. Because people in the US love meat, we have animal factory farms (a lot are pretty inhumane and generate pollution) which does require directly giving water to those animals, which adds to the amounts of water needed. More water and energy is wasted this way because extra water is needed to keep the animals alive, and most of the energy in the food we grow & feed to them are given off as heat. One way to fix this is to slowly switch the US over to a more plant-based diet. Less water and energy will be wasted trying to feed animals for the sake of meat, and when demand for meat drops, animal factory farms will begin to shut down (supply and demand basically) and there would also be less pollution (from animal wastes) damaging the environment. Another added bonus is that less animals would be abused / kept in crowded conditions. Someone correct me if I got anything wrong
LilKidAttacker (2 years ago)
SHUTUP
Max Hasse (2 years ago)
Very helpful Thank you
Jake M (2 years ago)
think your full of shit
Caleb Johnson (1 year ago)
bruh
Dan Oliveira (2 years ago)
I'm disappointed because in the same video you mention agriculture as the destination of 3/4 of our usable water; water usage efficiency; and ... the solution is increasing water cost (or investing in more efficient irrigation). Wait, what?. I know your logic kind of makes sense, but not when you start adding other real factors. Please separate water usage efficiency between livestock breeding and crop cultivation, for example. In this perspective it would be far, far more impacting to educate people on reducing meat consumption; or, in this context, increase water price proportionally to waste (e.g. more for meat industry, little less for crop cultivation (the ones not destined to meat industry), little less for industry and far less for civilian use. I really wish you had elaborated on the solution, or else not talked about it at all. (PS: I forgot to write how much I like and have learnt from your videos. Thank you!)
Martin Kočíšek (2 years ago)
of course we can use salt water and we are using it, look at israel for instance
Sabrina Cai (3 years ago)
Are you going to put these recent videos on your website?
Orka DRLJAČA (3 years ago)
realy interesting video...good to have recap on some things im studiing...
aditya arga (3 years ago)
thanks for your video, Mr. Your explanation is very clear.
Sleepness UK (3 years ago)
I've just two questions about thermodynamic. I know this is out of the subject but please answer me. The first one is (one of the second law statment say "the entropy of the isolated system will never decrease" can you explain that with an examples?). The second one about the energy destruction (the engine of the car burn fuel to do work) the fuel energy converted to mechanical energy,so where is the mechanical energy? I mean was it destroyed?. Thank you
vulcanfeline (3 years ago)
note on the ogallala aquifer: this is the one they want to run the keystone xl through. and a question: when you mention that plants can't live in salt water, there's an exception for the mangrove swamps at least. do these swamps desalinate? if so, is h2o released through evaporation or into the soil (now i'm wondering if plants ever release moisture into the soil - think not)?
LilKidAttacker (2 years ago)
good questions/observations
morgan (3 years ago)
Go vegan, save water the earth the animals and your health! Look in to it :) it's so worth it to read books like The Starch Solution and check out Nutritionfacts.org
rawstarmusic (3 years ago)
Water is one of the most important problems. Free water where it isn't free inhibits desalination tech. We have to master water on this planet, it brings food and water. Dry areas are wasted. Rain over oceans are wasted. We need to master this really good and then produce more food, especially trees that gives of oxygen and have usefull plants beneath the trees to get even more output. somewhat like in a jungle. Concentrated sunlight should desalinate water, it's an investment. The drought in California is permanent from now on. The Pueblo indians can tell you how that works. Their once fertile homeland is still a dessert dry wasteland. The innovation of a better desalination tech will be a hugh success. Patent that thing for 10 years and buy California. It's good that you dive into the questions that the young minds need to focus on. Hope one of your students will come up with something really cool.
My Alternate Reality (3 years ago)
Save water, eat plants
michel oliveira (2 months ago)
how come?
John Mastroligulano (3 years ago)
Really you say the cost of water is the issue & not people who control it removing our water rights while polluting it purposefully(maybe you should follow Erin Brockovich learn something real so you have context/intelligent feeling?) while hey look at Nestle in California or New England they got great deals for our water for PENNIES because they pay off both D & R to remove our Rights while giving them to bribers & now you pretend it's the cost we pay ANDERSON seriously your one smart guy but your ego is writing long term checks please find a way to fix this you sound like you would be fun to hang out with outside of this environment hate to see you back here again to clean up your mess. They ship the water over sees in plastic bottles you think that is OUR fault that China has 1.5 Billion they need water for? The leaders are coordinating creating the situations you are speaking of to think you cannot connect the dots is insulting at best.
Dan Oliveira (2 years ago)
+John Mastroligulano I needed a lot of breath to read this one. Punctuation is your friend! But I will agree that the solution is not as 'simple' as the video infers. He could have mentioned that those are only suggestions. I would say that we must increase the *perception of the value of water*, NOT its cost.
Bozeman Science (3 years ago)
+John Mastroligulano Thanks for the feedback. I would agree with you that both cost and control of the water are important. I will discuss water pollution in a future video.
John Mastroligulano (3 years ago)
Why not direct the Ocean through California to Colorado gravity filtering it along the way with a mesh that only let's H2O through maybe something made of Carbon/Graphite? Just start the project in Colorado & work your way to the Ocean(oh & don't forget the multiple dams which will generate power). We have real solutions but we do not have leadership that wants real solution they want things to be built to break so they can control your life & maintain their position of power over it. Seems simple & it is all the confusion is paid for by the same people who bribe both D & R to play shell game with your/my life.
Isaac Chay (3 years ago)
8:04 did you say "right meow"?
Caleb Johnson (1 year ago)
boi
Isaac Chay (3 years ago)
+Bozeman Science Keep up the great work, my friend. Your one of the best at what you do here on YouTube, in my opinion
Bozeman Science (3 years ago)
+Isaac Chay It does sound like I said meow. Funny.
John Mastroligulano (3 years ago)
No more fresh water Dolphin that's it! >>> https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N_dUmDBfp6k
RooralAUS (3 years ago)
very informative and interesting!
Bozeman Science (3 years ago)
+RooralAUS Thanks so much!
Consolized (3 years ago)
Water will be the new oil.

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