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Introduction to Environmental Studies
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What do we mean by Environment?
Environment is what surrounds us !!
It is the sum total of all social, economical, biological, physical and chemical factors which constitute the surroundings of humans, who are both the creators and moulders of the environment.
Components such as air, water, soil, land, forest, wildlife, flora, fauna, etc constitute the Natural Environment.
Alternation of the natural environment to serve specific uses by the human beings is termed as Anthropogenic Environment. e.g. Agricultural field, Gardens and Aquaculture farms.
Living components of the system such as microbes, plants, animals and human beings.
Autotrophs or Producers like Green Plants and Bacterias
Heterotrophs or Consumers like Animals, Fungi, etc
Non-living components. e.g. Air, Water, Soil, Rocks etc
Segments of Environment
Programs Under Environmental Studies
Multidisciplinary Nature of Environmental Studies
Scope of Environmental Studies
Importance of Environmental Studies
It is a broad interdisciplinary field of study which studies the interaction of human beings with the environment.
It is an interdisciplinary academic field that integrates physical and biological sciences to address the environmental problems.
It is the application of science and engineering principles to improve the quality of environment to provide healthy living conditions.
Ecosystem structure and function
Natural resource conservation
Environmental pollution control
Research and development
Provide us basic knowledge of Environment
To understand current environmental problem
Helps in maintaining ecological balance
Helps in sustainable development
Educate people regarding their duties toward Environment
Helpful in Environmental Management
Aims to protect biodiversity
To study the agricultural and design of sustainable production
Gives information related to population explosion, growth and development, impact of population growth on the natural resources and national economy.
Ecology Greek word: Okologie; meaning: “place to live”
“Physical, biological and socio cultural adaptations”
Branch of science that deals with the scientific study of the interrelationship between living organisms with respect to each other and to their surroundings.
To Know about the local and Geographical distribution and abundance of organisms
To record the temporal changes in the occurrence, abundance and activities of organisms
to understand the interrelationship between organisms in population and community
To understand the behaviour of organisms under natural conditions
To understand the biological productivity.
Standing State Inorganic substances
Factor External Force
Objectives of Ecology
Common Terms in Ecology
Classification of Ecology
Based on Taxonomic Affinities
Plant Ecology and Animal Ecology.
Based on Habitat
Freshwater ecology, grassland ecology, riverine ecology, Desert ecology, etc.
Based on the level of organization
autecology individual organism and synecology group of organisms
Ecosystem: Flow of Energy and the cycling of Nutrients. surrounds us.
Factors Affecting Man - Environment Relationship
Growing Human Population
Consumption of Natural Resources
More details: http://edmerls.66ghz.com/index.php/Multidisciplinary_nature_of_Environmental_studies
Owned buildings at another site may be used as alternate workspace if a building cannot be occupied. This depends upon the location of the building and whether the building would be affected by the same hazard that prevented use of the primary building. The alternate facility may be a viable business recovery strategy if the building can be configured with the required equipment or existing equipment can be configured to need business requirements.
Systems and Equipment.
Evaluate these systems to determine whether they meet the needs of the program. Identify and plan to overcome emergency communication system limitations such as weak radio or cellular service or areas where a warning system cannot be heard. Upgrading this critically important system may be required. Verify that these systems are in reliable working condition.
If fuel, battery backup power or batteries are required, make sure the system can run for the required time and chargers are available. Document how to operate these systems and mark the locations of controls. Make sure the information is available during an emergency. Many of these systems also require periodic inspection, testing and maintenance in accordance with national codes and standards. Train staff so a knowledgeable person is able to operate systems and equipment.
Materials and Supplies.
Be sure to compile a list of available resources using the Emergency Response Resource Requirements and Business Continuity Resource Requirements worksheets as a guide.
Preparing for an emergency, responding to an emergency, executing business recovery strategies and other activities require resources that come from outside the business. If there were a fire in the building, you would call the fire department. Contractors and vendors may be needed to prepare a facility for a forecast storm or to help repair and restore a building, systems or equipment following an incident.
The following external resources should be identified within plan documents. Include contact information to reach them during an emergency and any additional instructions within the preparedness plan.
Public Emergency Services.
Contractors and Vendors.